A Survey Of Turbine-Type Water-Mills In The Bolu Region Of The Central Anatolian Plateau

Danışman, H.H.Günhan
The problem of early water-mills, both as important implements of food production on a commercial or industrial scale for urban cultures, as distinct from individual food production instruments of peasant cultures, and in their impact as a revolutionizing advancement in technology, in the form of the rotary mill in which the first major application of rotary motion has taken place since the invention of the potter's wheel and the lathe during the Bronze Ages of the Near East, has preoccupied the scholars of ancient technology since the end of the last Century.2 During the 1930s and the 1940s, important contributions have been made by the British archaeologists in an attempt to bridge the gap of archaeological evidence as to the origins of watermills,3 while the only reliable ethnographical information from the Near East with regards to Persian examples has not appeared until quite recently. Further ethnographical examples have been illustrated from Scandinavia,5 and from Mainland Greece,6 and an impressive study of the distribution of over 5600 Domesday water-mills have been made for England.7 Evidence from Anatolia, on the other hand, has not been forthcoming, neither in the form of ethnographical examples, nor as archaeological evidence, except for a remarkable discovery of a late Roman or early Byzantine mosaic from Istanbul depicting a water-mill8. This situation has been tried to be remedied, at least for â part of the Anatolian Plateau, during a study conducted in the Bolu Region on early timber technology and vernacular timber building activity.9 Numerous examples of turbine-type watermills, employing a highly skilled timber technology and indicating an unparalleled concentration of ethnographical examples of a basically Roman type vertical-shaft mill in a relatively small area, have been studied and recorded.


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Citation Formats
H. H. G. Danışman, “A Survey Of Turbine-Type Water-Mills In The Bolu Region Of The Central Anatolian Plateau,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 17–37, 1977, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://jfa.arch.metu.edu.tr/archive/0258-5316/1977/cilt03/sayi_1/17-37.pdf.