A Synthetic Approach To Regional Development Theories Part II

Tekeli, İlhan
In this section an attempt will be made to demonstrate how existing regional development theories, when grouped into six tynes, form easily expandable and flexible frameworks. In examining each of these types, first a narrower framework of basic relations for each theory will be defined and later , the means of developing this framework with additional proposals will be presented. The theoretical structure derived will then be criticized in compliance with the concepts developed in second section, and then in relation to the five-fold national spatial organization policies formulated in the first part of this paper. In this section regional development theories are re-arranged into six types as follows: a.l Stage Theories of Development a.2 Economic Base Theory a.3 Theories of the Production Function Type a.4 Shift Theory a.5 Growth Pole Theory (Perroux type) a.6 Polarized Development Theory (Friedmann type) The theories combined in these groups are extensions of national development theories, and thereby represent "soft approach theories" concentrating on how development could be initiated and accelerated. In extending these theories into a more flexible and dynamic structure, use is made of the following three types of process-theories: b.l Theories of Diffusion b.2 Migration Theories b.3 Theories on Spread Effect and Backwash Effect If regional development theories, in contrast to the theories of national development, are to concentrate on the spread of development rather than its initiation, then theories fundamentally concerned with development would fall into the latter group. Should a synthesis be attempted with the theories in these two groups, it would be possible to explain how growth occurs in a region (area) or a city (node), and how it spreads to its periphery, but the effect of this development on spatial organization would not be clearly included in the analysis. A third group of theories therefore, is included in order to establish the relation of development with spatial organization: c.l Central Place Theory c.2 Empirical generalizations such as the Rank-Size rule of settlements c.3 Macro-descriptions on national spatial organization In the following sections we shall study how the six theories given in the first group can be combined with those of the second and third groups to obtain larger synthetic theories.


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Citation Formats
İ. Tekeli, “A Synthetic Approach To Regional Development Theories Part II,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 275–296, 1976, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://jfa.arch.metu.edu.tr/archive/0258-5316/1976/cilt02/sayi_2/275-296.pdf.