Radiation-induced solid-state copolymerization in binary acrylamide-maleic anhydride systems

Nugay, T.
Küçükyavuz, S.
γ-Ray-initiated copolymerization of acrylamide and maleic anhydride was studied in the solid state at 25°C. The polymeric product was found to be free of the homopolymers. The mole fraction of acrylamide in the monomer mixture was varied from 0.33 to 0.91. The copolymerization reached a ‘limiting conversion’ the value of which was dependent on the composition of the monomer feed. The mole fraction of maleic anhydride in the copolymers did not exceed 0.50 and the compositions of copolymers obtained from acrylamide-rich mixtures were virtually the same as those from the monomer feed compositions. The alternating tendency of maleic anhydride was evidenced by the variation of the copolymer compositions and the consumption rates of the individual monomers.


Electrochemical and Optical Studies of Furan and Thieno[3,2-b]thiophene End Capped Benzotriazole Derivatives
AKBASOGLU, Naime; BALAN, Abidin; BARAN, Derya; Çırpan, Ali; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Wiley, 2010-12-01)
Two new 2-dodecyl benzotriazole (BTz) based donor-acceptor-donor (DAD) type polymers were synthesized and characterized in terms of their electrochemical and spectral properties. These DAD type polymers were synthesized electrochemically from furan or thieno[3,2-b]thiophene (TT) endcapped BTz monomers. Furan based and thieno[3,2-b]thiophene based monomers showed monomer oxidations at 1.15 and 1.25 V, respectively, which eased the formation of conducting polymer films without overoxidation. Cyclic voltammetr...
Plasma-Induced, Solid-State Polymerization of N-Isopropylacrylamide
Unver, Alper; Akovali, Guneri (Wiley, 2010-03-15)
The radio-frequency plasma-initiated polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) in the solid state was performed. The isolated linear polymer was characterized by C-13-NMR, H-1-NMR, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and the effects of selected operational plasma parameters (discharge power and time) on the conversion rates were studied. Reversible transitions at the volume-phase-transition temperatures of the swelled poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) hydrogels were investigated by differential sca...
Synthesis and optical properties of light-emitting π-conjugated polymers containing biphenyl and dithienosilole
LIAO, Liang; Çırpan, Ali; CHU, Qinghui; KARASZ, Frank E.; PANG, YI (Wiley, 2007-05-15)
Copolymers containing oligo(phenylene vinylene) (2.5), fluorene, and 4,4-dihexyldithienosilole (DTS) units were synthesized and characterized. The pi-conjugated monomers were joined with the palladium(0)-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction, thus forming either biphenyl- or phenyl-thiophene linkages. These polymers were photoluminescent, with the fluorescent quantum efficiency between 54 and 63% and with),lambda(max) for fluorescence at similar to 448 nm in tetrahydrofuran. The presence of 5% DTS in t...
Solid State Polymerization of N-vinylcaprolactam via Gamma Irradiation and Characterization
Usanmaz, Ali; Ozdemir, Tonguc; Polat, Özlem (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
In this study, N-vinylcaprolactam was polymerized via gamma irradiation in the solid state. The polymerization was carried out at room temperature both under vacuum and open to atmosphere. The polymerization mechanism showed auto acceleration and the rate of polymerization was higher in the presence of oxygen. Complete conversion was obtained under vacuum conditions and 90% conversion was obtained in the case of polymerization open to atmosphere. The polymers were characterized by FTIR, NMR, DSC, TGA, GPC, ...
Conducting polymers of terepthalic acid bis-(2-thiophen-3-yl-ethyl) ester and their electrochromic properties
Coskun, Y; Çırpan, Ali; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Elsevier BV, 2004-07-12)
Terepthalic acid bis-(2-thiophen-3-yl-ethyl)ester (TATE) was synthesized through the reaction of 2-thiophen-3-yl-ethanol and terepthaloyl chloride. Homopolymer of TATE was synthesized via potentiostatic and potentiodynamic methods by using tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TBAFB) as the supporting electrolyte in dichloromethane/borontrifluoride ethylether solvent mixture(DM/BFEE) (8:2, v/v). Copolymerisation of TATE with thiophene was achieved in DM/BFEE solvent mixture (8:2, v/v) by using TBAFB as the ...
Citation Formats
T. Nugay and S. Küçükyavuz, “Radiation-induced solid-state copolymerization in binary acrylamide-maleic anhydride systems,” Polymer, pp. 958–960, 1990, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/51387.