Polyamide 66 Binary and Ternary Nanocomposites: Mechanical and Morphological Properties

Mert, Miray
Yılmazer, Ülkü
Polyamide 66 (PA 66)/impact modifier blends and polyamide/organoclay binary and PA 66/organoclay/impact modifier ternary nanocomposites were prepared by the melt-compounding method, and the effects of the mixing sequences on the morphology and mechanical and flow properties were investigated. Lotader AX8840 and Lotader AX8900 were used as impact modifiers. The concentrations of the impact modifiers and the organoclay (Cloisite 25A) were maintained at 2 and 5 wt %, respectively. Both the binary and ternary nanocomposites displayed high tensile strength and Young's modulus values compared to the PA 66/impact modifier blends. Decreases occurred in the strength and stiffness of the binary nanocomposites upon incorporation of the elastomeric materials into the polymeric matrix. In general, the mixing sequence in which all three ingredients were added simultaneously and extruded twice (the All-S mixing sequence) exhibited the most enhanced mechanical properties in comparison with the mixing sequences in which two of the components were extruded in the first extrusion step and the third ingredient was added in the second extrusion step. The mechanical test results were in accordance with the organoclay dispersion. The impact strength was highly affected by the elastomeric domain sizes, interdomain distances, interfacial interactions, and organoclay delamination. The smallest elastomeric domain size was obtained for the All-S mixing sequence, whereas the elastomeric domain sizes of the other mixing sequences were quite close to each other. Drastic variations were not observed between the melt viscosities of the ternary nanocomposites prepared with different mixing sequences. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 118: 209-217, 2010


Kinetic study of the reaction between hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene and isophorone diisocyanate in bulk by quantitative FTIR spectroscopy
Kincal, D; Özkar, Saim (Wiley, 1997-12-05)
A kinetic study of the reaction between a hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) was carried out in the bulk state by using quantitative Fourier transform infrared(FTIR) spectroscopy. The reaction is shown to obey a second-order rate law, being first order in both the HTPB and IPDI concentrations. The activation parameters obtained from the evaluation of kinetic data are Delta H-double dagger = 41.1 +/- 0.4 kJ mol, Delta S-double dagger = -198 +/- 2 J K-1 mol(-1) and E-a...
Immobilization of Invertase in a Novel Proton Conducting Poly(vinylphosphonic acid) - poly(1-vinylimidazole) Network
Isikli, Suheda; Tuncagil, Sevinc; Bozkurt, Ayhan; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Informa UK Limited, 2010-01-01)
A novel proton conducting polymer blend was prepared by mixing poly(vinylphosphonic acid) (PVPA) with poly(1-vinylimidazole) (PVI) at various stoichiometric ratios via changing molar ratio of monomer repeating unit to achieve the highest protonation. The polymer network having the most suitable stoichiometric ratio for substantial proton conductivity was prepared and characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy and proton conductivity measurements. The network was used for immobilization of invertase and some import...
Electropolymerization of a New 4-(2,5-Di-2-thiophen-2-yl-pyrrol-1-yl)-Tetra Substituted Nickel Phthalocyanine Derivative
Yavuz, Arzu; Carbas, Buket Bezgin; Aras, Leyla; Önal, Ahmet Muhtar (Wiley, 2011-10-15)
A new tetrakis 4-(2,5-di-2-thiophen-2-yl-pyrrol-1-yl) substituted nickel phthalocyanine (NiPc-SNS) was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), and UV-vis spectroscopies. The electrochemical polymerization of this newly synthesized NiPc-SNS was performed in dichloromethane (DCM)/tetrabutylammonium perchlorate (TBAP) solvent/electrolyte couple. An insoluble film was deposited on the electrode surface, both during repetitive cycling and constant potential electr...
Dual type complementary colored polymer electrochromic devices based on conducting polymers of poly(hexanedioic acid bis-(2-thiophen-3-yl-ethyl ester)
Camurlu, P; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Informa UK Limited, 2006-03-01)
In this study, dual type polymer electrochromic devices (ECDs) based on homopolymer and copolymer of hexanedioic acid bis-(2-thiophen-3-yl-ethyl ester) with 3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene (EDOT) were constructed, where PEDOT functioned as the cathodically coloring layer. Spectroelectrochemistry, switching ability, stability, open circuit memory and color of the devices were investigated. Results of the kinetic studies showed these devices exhibit switching times around 1.8 s with an optical contrast of 24-25.3...
Thermal stability and decomposition mechanism of poly(p-acryloyloxybenzoic acid and poly(p-methacryloyloxybenzoic acid) and their graft copolymers with polypropylene, Part II
Cetin, S.; Tincer, T. (Wiley, 2008-04-05)
Thermal stability and decomposition mechanism of poly(p-acryloyloxybenzoic) acid (PABA), p-methacryloyloxybenzoic acid (PMBA), and their graft coproducts of PP were studied by differential scanning calorimetry, direct pyrolysis mass spectrometry, and TG/IR system, combined thermogravimetric analyzer, and FTIR spectrometer. The homopolymers and corresponding grafts were found to be stable in nitrogen atmosphere but started to decompose under atmospheric conditions when heated above 230 degrees C. PABA and PA...
Citation Formats
M. Mert and Ü. Yılmazer, “Polyamide 66 Binary and Ternary Nanocomposites: Mechanical and Morphological Properties,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, pp. 209–217, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/52180.