Design of a blended learning environment: Considerations and implementation issues

Kiraz, Ercan
Özden, Muhammet Yaşar
This study identified critical issues in the design of a blended learning environment by examining basic design considerations and implementation issues. Following a design-based research approach with the phenomenological tradition of qualitative research, the study investigated instructor experiences relating to the design, development, and implementation processes of a blended course. The results reveal that the design considerations centred on the pedagogical approach, course organization, materials preparation, interactions, and the instructor's and students' roles. The affordances of the implementation included the arousal of the students' interest and participation, flexibility, time conservation, the ability to track student progress, and the improvement of interaction, collaboration, and communication opportunities. The challenges were increased workload, course and time management, overlaps, and the creation of harmony between the face-to-face and online environments. The overall results show that the critical issues involved context, the pedagogical framework, instructor competency, and technical issues in the blended course design.


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Akyol, Zehra; Garrison, D. Randy; Özden, Muhammet Yaşar (2009-02-07)
This paper discusses findings of a mixed method research project with the goal to study the development of a community of inquiry in online and blended learning environments. A graduate course delivered online and blended format was the focus of the study. Data was gathered from the Community of Inquiry Survey and transcript analysis of online discussions to explore the developmental differences on each presence (social, teaching and cognitive). The results showed: significant differences on social and cogn...
Ataş, Amine Hatun; Yıldırım, Zahide (2017-11-18)
The purpose of this study is to document design, development, and implementation of a question-answer based instructional design theory. Sigel and Saunders (1977) state that many studies report the benefits of asking questions and being asked questions as enhancing students' thinking and reflects students' thinking process. The impact of asking question or being asked questions are inevitably influential on learning. As students experience quality questions and questioning, their awareness of learning arise...
Blended Learning in a Speaking Skills Course
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Technological advancements and their growing impact in education have started to modify the structure and the required environments for learning settings. In order to benefit from technological innovations and minimize the present problems, such as the increasing number of students taught by a limited number of instructors, and time constraints allocated to actual speaking practice in speakingoriented courses, a blended learning platform is planned to be launched in Middle East Technical University in the s...
Aligning learning design and learning analytics through instructor involvement: a MOOC case study
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This paper presents the findings of a mixed-methods research that explored the potentials emerging from aligning learning design (LD) and learning analytics (LA) during the design of a predictive analytics solution and from involving the instructors in the design process. The context was a past massive open online course, where the learner data and the instructors were accessible for posterior analysis and additional data collection. Through a close collaboration with the instructors, the details of the pre...
An Investigation of emergence, development and types of open design: a case study on socially responsible design approach
Altınova, Hale; Hasdoğan, Gülay Fatma; Department of Industrial Design (2019)
The purpose of this study is to examine the emergence, development and types of open design and to evaluate its effects on a socially responsible design project. For this purpose, a two-stage study was performed. The first stage involves a literature review on open design. In the second phase, a case study was conducted to explore the effect of open design on a socially responsible design project that involved interviews conducted with the founder and volunteers in a project in Turkey that has adopted the p...
Citation Formats
N. GEDİK, E. Kiraz, and M. Y. Özden, “Design of a blended learning environment: Considerations and implementation issues,” AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, pp. 1–19, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: