Influence of Stakeholders on Industrial Design Materials and Manufacturing Selection

Surprisingly little is reported on the pragmatic influence of project stakeholders on industrial designers' selection of product materials and manufacturing processes. This paper reports on a descriptive scoping study that revealed these influences as critical in making effective selection decisions. Using interview and case study methods, the study elicited the professional practices of industrial designers. These are analysed in the paper, leading to the formation of a four-way stakeholder description of materials and manufacturing selection in industrial design, spanning: users, clients, manufacturers/vendors and designers/design team members. The practical influence of each stakeholder on materials and manufacturing decisions is discussed. With clients excepted, under most circumstances the flow of activity is initially from designer-to-stakeholder, rather than stakeholder-to-designer. Crucially, the paper establishes creativity in the selection of product materials and manufacturing processes as cleverly attending to stakeholder influences, and distinctly not to unconstrained freethinking or self-centred decision-making. The paper reviews professional boundaries of responsibility and approach to materials and manufacturing, identifying industrial design as a fusion of designer-maker and design engineer perspectives. Industrial designers commonly view materials as a contribution to a product's user interface, with an associated effect on users' experiences of product utility and supra-functionality.


A User-centred Materials Selection Approach for Product Designers
Van Kesteren , Ilse (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2010)
In the materials selection process of user-centred design projects, the emphasis shifts from technology towards user-interaction aspects of products. Materials form the interface of the product with the user and influence the sense of quality, pleasantness of interaction, personality of the product, and the way it can be used. The human senses, as the interface of the user, play essential roles in this interaction. A new materials selection model has been created for the purpose of understanding the c...
Implications of additive manufacturing applications for industrial design profession from the perspective of industrial designers
Alpay, Efe; Toksöz, Mehmet Refik; Department of Industrial Design (2012)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the implications of additive manufacturing on industrial design profession and designers through an explorative study. Through a literature survey, implications of additive manufacturing technologies on industrial designers and industrial design profession were explored. Expanding literature survey with on-line searches, several experimental and commercial application examples of rapid manufacturing of products were identified. These identified examples were then...
Role of system architecture in architecture in developing new drafting tools
Sorguç, Arzu (Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2005-06-01)
In this study, the impact of information technologies in architectural design process is discussed. In this discussion, first the differences/nuances between the concept of software engineering and system architecture are clarified. Then, the design process in engineering, and design process in architecture has been compared by considering 3-D models as the center of design process over which the other disciplines involve the design. It is pointed out that in many high-end engineering applications, 3-D soli...
Integrated framework to investigate value innovations
Dikmen Toker, İrem; Birgönül, Mustafa Talat (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2005-04-01)
A conceptual framework has been developed to investigate value innovations within construction companies. A visual metaphor has been defined to model the innovation system where the elements of the model are objectives, strategies, environmental barriers/drivers, and organizational factors. The major idea is that none of the elements of the model alone can explain the innovative capability, and elements as well as their interrelations should be considered concurrently to investigate how the innovation syste...
Form driven adaptive, and reusable tunnel formwork for customized mass housing
Öziş, Ayşe Zeynep; Sorguç, Arzu; Department of Architecture (2021-9-09)
The recent developments with Industry 4.0 have been added new agendas and methodologies in the manufacturing and designing process. Although data-driven architecture became more common in practice, forms are still determining with fabrication limitations. While these developments are changing the architectural environment, increasing population and need for accommodation are causing standardized design production, resulting in stereotyped living areas. Although conventional typologies have been changing, mo...
Citation Formats
O. F. Pedgley, “Influence of Stakeholders on Industrial Design Materials and Manufacturing Selection,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DESIGN, pp. 1–15, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: