Individuation and relatedness: Not opposing but distinct and complementary

İmamoğlu, Emine Olcay
In this article, the author aims to contribute to a better understanding of the association between relational and individuational self-orientations and the roles they play in the self-system. The author highlights the controversial assumptions regarding the opposite or distinct nature of the orientations' association and explores how they relate to each other and to some self- and family-related variables by a questionnaire study. On the basis of the Balanced Integration-Differentiation model (E. O. Imamoglu, 1998), relatedness and individuation were hypothesized to refer to distinct and complementary self-orientations; the former was expected to be associated more with affect-related variables (i.e., perceived parental love-acceptance, self- and family satisfaction), whereas the latter was expected to be associated more with intrinsic-motivational variables (i.e., need for cognition and negatively with perceived parental control). University students (N = 274) from Turkey participated in the study. Results indicated that (a) individuation and relatedness were not negatively correlated; (b) perceived parental love-acceptance predicted relatedness both directly and indirectly through the mediation of self- and family satisfaction, whereas perceived parental control predicted (negatively) individuation indirectly through the mediation of need for cognition, a strong predictor of individuation; and (c) being both related and individuated appeared to be associated with optimal psychological functioning, the implications of which are discussed.


Çalışkan, İlayda; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Department of Psychology (2021-10-6)
The aim of the present study is to examine the role of perceived parenting behaviors from mothers and fathers on 1st and 2nd grade children’s internalizing problems, and to investigate whether their associations are moderated by temperament and gender. 150 children from 1st and 2nd grades and their mothers participated in the study. Perceived parenting from both mothers and fathers regarding their rejection, overprotection and warmth were assessed through child-report scales, child internalizing problems an...
Receptive multilingualism and language understanding: Intelligibility of Azerbaijani to Turkish speakers
Sağın Şimşek, Sultan Çiğdem (2012-09-01)
This article presents an investigation of language understanding within the framework of receptive multilingualism. That Turkish and Azerbaijani are closely related languages within the Oghuz branch of the Turkic languages leads to the assumption that Turkish and Azerbaijani are mutually intelligible languages. That is, speakers of these two different languages of Turkic origin can comprehend each other without much difficulty. This article aims to consider whether these languages are, in fact, as mutually ...
Neoliberalism and the alternative globalization movement
Öncan, Mehmet Onur; Tayfur, Mehmet Faih; Department of International Relations (2009)
This thesis aims to analyze the social reactions against neoliberalism by using the Polanyian concept of double movement. The goal is to first to understand the nature of alternative globalization movement and provide a better framework of analysis for theorizing these social reactions. The criticisms of the alternative globalization movement against the World Trade Organization will be analyzed in order to provide a specific case example for the concerns and goals of the movement regarding the global polit...
Sexual labour and the reproduction of capital in Northern Cyprus
Kumi, Rebecca; Bryant, Rebecca; Political Science and International Relations (2012-8)
The general purpose of this thesis is to provide a gendered analysis of the ways in which States use their power to facilitate and promote accumulation, specifically primitive accumulation. I will seek to demonstrate in this study that women, classed and racialised, and especially those migrating within the neo-liberal global political economy are exploited not only through the classical alienation of their labour, but from the application of the additional extra-economic power of patriarchy and the to...
Discourse Meaning: The View from Turkish
Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Özge, Umut (Mouton de Gruyter, 2020-05-01)
The volume aims to bring together original, unpublished papers on discourse structure and meaning from different frameworks or theoretical perspectives to address research questions revolving around issues instigated by Turkish. Another goal is to offer methodologically different solutions for the research gaps identified in individual chapters. The contributions are based on empirical generalizations and make use of, for example, computerized corpora as the data, examples compiled from naturally occurring ...
Citation Formats
E. O. İmamoğlu, “Individuation and relatedness: Not opposing but distinct and complementary,” GENETIC SOCIAL AND GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY MONOGRAPHS, pp. 367–402, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: