Red blood cell enzyme biochemical polymorphism in Anatolian shepherd dog

Altunok, V
Nizamlioglu, M
Erguven, A
Togan, İnci Zehra
Anatolian shepherd dog (Asd), probably the descendants of the large hunting dogs of Mesopotamia, has been the most preferred dog in Anatolia as a guard dog of flocks. Furthermore, because of their high endurance of extreme of heat and cold, recently they started to be employed in African countries and in Australia. To help the conservation and management strategies to be establihed for this highly valuable gene pool, genotypes of 108 Asd individuals, belonging to four breeding farms and to local people in a region from Central Anatolia (altogether five populations), were determined by using horizontal starch gel electrophoresis based on ESD, PGD, CAI, GOT and SOD enzyme systems. Bands observed on starch gels for Asd were compared with those obtained from 21 other individuals belonging to 7 other well-known breeds.


Genetic relationship between Kangal, Akbash and other dog populations
Koban, Evren; Gökçek Saraç, Çiğdem; Açan, Sinan Can; Savolainen, Peter; Togan, İnci Zehra (Elsevier BV, 2009-5)
Kangal and Akbash dogs are the two well-known shepherd dog breeds in Turkey. In order to contribute to the understanding of the genetic relationship between Kangal dogs, Akbash dogs and the dogs from different regions of Eurasia, 585 base pair (bp) segment of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region was sequenced from Kangals and Akbashes. Sequences of the Kangal and Akbash dogs examined in the present study were comparatively examined with those of previous studies on dogs. Consensus neighbour-joining tree...
Genetic evidence for the distinctness of Kangal dogs
Altunok, V; Koban, E; Chikhi, L; Schaffer, A; Pedersen, NC; Nizamlioglu, M; Togan, İnci Zehra (2005-01-01)
The genetic diversity of Kangal dogs (n=23) was analysed using 100 canine microsatellites, and the results were compared to Central Anatolian feral dogs (n=51), Akbash dogs (n=6), and Turkish greyhounds (TG, n=3). The Kangal, Akbash, Turkish greyhound and feral dogs were found to be significantly different from each other by F-ST measure. Factorial Correspondence Analysis (FCA), which evaluated the span of genotypic variation between individual dogs, yielded 4 distinct groups of the animals. Group I was com...
Mitochondrial dna (mtdna) sequence analyses of Kangal Dogs in Turkey
Gökçek, Çiğdem; Togan, İnci Zehra; Department of Biology (2005)
Kangal dogs are the most popular dogs of Turkey due to their strength, intelligence, loyalty, endurance to extreme temperatures and their lack of predatory behavior towards livestock. In this study to provide genetic information about the distinctness of Kangal and Akbash dogs and hence to provide a basis to conserve them separately, 585 base pair of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequence was analysed in 105 Kangal and 9 Akbash dog samples. All the results indicated that Kangal and Akbash dog...
Bioinformatic analyses in microsatellite-based genetic diversity of Turkish sheep breeds
Acar, Hande; Togan, İnci Zehra; Department of Bioinformatics (2010)
In the present study, within and among breed genetic diversity in thirteen Turkish sheep breeds (Sakız, Karagül, Hemşin, Çine Çaparı, Norduz, Herik, Akkaraman, Dağlıç, Gökçeada, İvesi, Karayaka, Kıvırcık and Morkaraman; in total represented by 628 individuals) were analyzed based on 20 microsatellite loci. Loci were amplified by Polymerase Chain Reactions and products were electronically recorded and converted into [628 x 20] matrix representing genotypes of individuals. Reliability of the genotyping and ge...
Human-brown bear conflicts in Artvin, northeastern Turkey: Encounters, damage, and attitudes
Ambarlı, Huseyin; Bilgin, Cemal Can (Ursus, 2008-01-01)
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is the largest carnivore in Turkey and has been legally protected since 2003. However, increasing levels of conflict between brown bears and humans have been reported for several regions, especially for Artvin in northeastern Turkey. We documented the conflict in an attempt to understand human attitudes and responses and evaluate existing and potential damage prevention techniques. The study was conducted within landscapes at different scales, ranging from a core area defined b...
Citation Formats
V. Altunok, M. Nizamlioglu, A. Erguven, and İ. Z. Togan, “Red blood cell enzyme biochemical polymorphism in Anatolian shepherd dog,” REVUE DE MEDECINE VETERINAIRE, pp. 625–628, 1999, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: