Genetic relationship between Kangal, Akbash and other dog populations

Koban, Evren
Gökçek Saraç, Çiğdem
Açan, Sinan Can
Savolainen, Peter
Togan, İnci Zehra
Kangal and Akbash dogs are the two well-known shepherd dog breeds in Turkey. In order to contribute to the understanding of the genetic relationship between Kangal dogs, Akbash dogs and the dogs from different regions of Eurasia, 585 base pair (bp) segment of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region was sequenced from Kangals and Akbashes. Sequences of the Kangal and Akbash dogs examined in the present study were comparatively examined with those of previous studies on dogs. Consensus neighbour-joining tree with bootstrapping, which is constructed based on pairwise Fst values between populations, indicated that Kangal dogs and Akbash dogs are on different branches of the tree. Furthermore, the nodes of these branches were supported with high bootstrap values. In conclusion, the present study indicated that Kangal and Akbash dogs might have descended maternally from different origins along the evolutionary history of domestic dogs.
Discrete Applied Mathematics


Genetic evidence for the distinctness of Kangal dogs
Altunok, V; Koban, E; Chikhi, L; Schaffer, A; Pedersen, NC; Nizamlioglu, M; Togan, İnci Zehra (2005-01-01)
The genetic diversity of Kangal dogs (n=23) was analysed using 100 canine microsatellites, and the results were compared to Central Anatolian feral dogs (n=51), Akbash dogs (n=6), and Turkish greyhounds (TG, n=3). The Kangal, Akbash, Turkish greyhound and feral dogs were found to be significantly different from each other by F-ST measure. Factorial Correspondence Analysis (FCA), which evaluated the span of genotypic variation between individual dogs, yielded 4 distinct groups of the animals. Group I was com...
Red blood cell enzyme biochemical polymorphism in Anatolian shepherd dog
Altunok, V; Nizamlioglu, M; Erguven, A; Togan, İnci Zehra (1999-07-01)
Anatolian shepherd dog (Asd), probably the descendants of the large hunting dogs of Mesopotamia, has been the most preferred dog in Anatolia as a guard dog of flocks. Furthermore, because of their high endurance of extreme of heat and cold, recently they started to be employed in African countries and in Australia. To help the conservation and management strategies to be establihed for this highly valuable gene pool, genotypes of 108 Asd individuals, belonging to four breeding farms and to local people in a...
Evolutionary relationship among three native and two crossbreed sheep breeds of Turkey: preliminary results
Soysal, MI; Koban, E; Ozkan, E; Altunok, V; Bulut, Z; Nizamlioglu, M; Togan, İnci Zehra (2005-05-01)
The Turkish native sheep breeds, possibly being the neighbours of the earliest domesticated sheep populations, might be harbouring important genetic characteristics to be employed in the future for the improvement of sheep breeds. In order to design a conservation strategy, their genetic diversities must be determined. In the present study, based on three microsatellite loci, the genetic diversity of the Kivircik, Awassi, Akkaraman breeds (native) of Turkey as well as two of their crossbreeds Turkgeldi and ...
Polymorphism of Prolactin (PRL), Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase (DGAT-1) and Bovine Solute Carrier Family 35 Member 3 (SLC35A3) genes in native cattle breeds and its implication for Turkish cattle breeding
Kepenek, Eda Şeyma; Togan, İnci Zehra; Department of Biology (2007)
In the present study samples from four native Turkish Cattle Breeds; South Anatolian Red (n= 48), East Anatolian Red (n= 34), Anatolian Black (n= 42) and Turkish Grey (n=46) and elite bulls of Holstein (n=21) were genotyped with respect to two milk production enhancer genes, Prolactin (PRL) and Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT1), and one disease (Complex Vertebral Malformation) causing gene (SLC35A3). A allele frequency for PRL gene, believed to be positively associated with the milk yield in cattle, ra...
Genetic diversity of native and crossbreed sheep breeds in Anatolia
Koban, Evren; Togan, İnci Zehra; Department of Biology (2004)
In this study the genetic diversity in Turkish native sheep breeds was investigated based on microsatellite DNA loci. In total, 423 samples from 11 native and crossbreed Turkish sheep breeds (Akkaraman, Morkaraman, Kivircik, Ivesi, Dagliç, Karayaka, Hemsin, Norduz, Kangal, Konya Merinosu, Türkgeldi) and one Iraqi breed (Hamdani) were analyzed by sampling from breeding farms and local breeders. After excluding close relatives by Kinship analysis, the genetic variation within breeds was estimated as gene dive...
Citation Formats
E. Koban, Ç. Gökçek Saraç, S. C. Açan, P. Savolainen, and İ. Z. Togan, “Genetic relationship between Kangal, Akbash and other dog populations,” Discrete Applied Mathematics, pp. 2335–2340, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: