Effectiveness of anaerobic biomass in adsorbing heavy metals

2001-01-01
Haytoglu, B
Demirer, Göksel Niyazi
Yetiş, Ülkü
This study focuses on the effectiveness of waste anaerobic dead biomass (AIDE) in adsorbing heavy metals, namely Pb(II), Cr(VI), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II). The metal uptake capacity of ADB was investigated and compared with the values for various biomass types from the literature. The biomass, which was grown under laboratory conditions using a synthetic wastewater, was used throughout the study after sterilization. The maximum metal adsorptive capacities were evaluated by running isotherm tests at 25 degreesC and initial pH of 4. It was observed that Pb(II) was adsorbed with the highest capacity. The maximum adsorptive capacity of ADB for Pb(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Cr(VI) was determined as 1250, 625, 357, 227 and 384 mg/g dry biomass, respectively. These values were significantly higher than the corresponding capacities reported in the literature for other types of biomass. In describing the adsorption equilibrium, both the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were examined. The experimental data for Pb(II), Zn(II), Cr(VI), and Ni(II) fitted both the Langmuir and Freundlich models with correlation coefficients of 0.80-0.99 while Cu(II) only fitted the Langmuir model with a correlation coefficient of 0.99. Therefore, different and distinct aspects of the interactions between the cell surfaces and the metal ions might have occurred for Cu(II) and the rest of the metals. The equilibrium pH values attained were all higher than the initial pH value of 4.0, and this indicated that both the type and the initial concentration of the metal influenced the equilibrium pH. Furthermore, there was a decrease in equilibrium pH with increasing initial metal concentration at varying levels.
WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Suggestions

Efficacy of rice husk biochar and compost amendments on the translocation, bioavailability, and heavy metals speciation in contaminated soil: Role of free radical production in maize (Zea mays L.)
Saqib Rashid, Muhammad; Liu, Guijian; Yousaf, Balal; Song, Yu; Ahmed, Rafay; Rehman, Abdul; Arif, Muhammad; Irshad, Samina; Cheema, Ayesha Imtiyaz (2022-01-01)
The present study investigated the effectiveness of rice husk biochar (RHB) and chicken manure compost (CMC) amendments (T1: Control, T2: 2% RHB, T3: 2% CMC, T4: 1% RHB + 1% CMC) on the potential mobility of heavy metals (HMs) and the growth of maize plants in contaminated soil. Results indicated that the potential mobile fraction of Cr (44.43%), Ni (29.93%), and Zn (44.68%) accounted for T2, whereas Cu (69.33%) and Pb (34.38%) for T4 of their total amount. Amending the soil resulted in a significant increa...
Effect of extracellular polymer composition of activated sludge on the removal of heavy metals by biosorption
Yüncü, Bilgen; Yetiş, Ülkü; Sanin, F. Dilek; Department of Environmental Engineering (2003)
Activated sludge microorganisms can remove many hazardous substances from wastewater by adsorbing and concentrating them on their surfaces. Biosorption of these substances onto activated sludge surfaces are influenced by the chemical properties of the substance in question as well as the surface properties of the microorganisms. The purpose of this study is to identify the biosorption mechanisms of heavy metals and the effect of extracellular polymer (ECP) composition of activated sludge on the biosorption ...
EFFECT OF PRETREATMENTS ON THE SEMICONTINUOUS ANAEROBIC-DIGESTION OF SUNFLOWER HEADS
POLAT, H; Selçuk, Nevin; SOYUPAK, S (1992-10-01)
The effects of hydraulic retention time and alkali treatment on methane production rate from the semicontinuous anaerobic digestion of 2 % sunflower-head/water mixtures were investigated. The experiments were carried out in laboratory-scale fermenters, fed with 1 liter of untreated, 2 g NaOH/100 g total solids (TS), and 5 g NaOH/100 g TS alkali-treated sunflower-head/water mixtures, respectively, and maintained at 55-degrees-C Digestion experiments were performed for hydraulic retention times of 8, 10, and ...
Effectiveness of algae in the treatment of a wood-based pulp and paper industry wastewater
Tarlan, Esra; Dilek, Filiz Bengü; Yetiş, Ülkü (2002-04-27)
In this study, the ability of algae to treat a wood-based pulp and paper industry wastewater was investigated. Tests were performed in batch reactors seeded with a mixed culture of algae. Under different lighting and initial wastewater strength conditions, changes in COD, AOX and color contents of reactors were followed with time. Algae were found to remove up to 58% of COD, 84% of color and 80% of AOX from pulp and paper industry wastewaters. No remarkable differences were observed in COD and color when li...
Effect of pre-acclimation of granular activated carbon on microbial electrolysis cell startup and performance
LaBarge, Nicole; Yılmazel Tokel, Yasemin Dilşad; Hong, Pei-Ying; Logan, Bruce E. (2017-02-01)
Microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) can generate methane by fixing carbon dioxide without using expensive catalysts, but the impact of acclimation procedures on subsequent performance has not been investigated. Granular activated carbon (GAC) was used to pre-enrich electrotrophic methanogenic communities, as GAC has been shown to stimulate direct transfer of electrons between different microbial species. MEC startup" times using pre-acclimated GAC were improved compared to controls (without pre-acclimation ...
Citation Formats
B. Haytoglu, G. N. Demirer, and Ü. Yetiş, “Effectiveness of anaerobic biomass in adsorbing heavy metals,” WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, pp. 245–252, 2001, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/55660.