Gender role orientation of athletes and nonathletes in a patriarchal society: A study in Turkey

Koca, C
Asci, FH
Kirazcı, Sadettin
The purpose of this study was to compare the gender role orientation and gender role classification of female and male athletes to those of their nonathlete counterparts. A total of 463 athletes and 378 nonathletes completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory. The findings indicated that athletes score higher on the masculinity and femininity subscales than do nonathletes. Men had higher scores on masculinity than did women, whereas women had higher scores on femininity than did men. In addition, both men and women athletes were mostly classified in the androgynous category. These findings are discussed in relation to the competitive sport environment and Turkish society.


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Citation Formats
C. Koca, F. Asci, and S. Kirazcı, “Gender role orientation of athletes and nonathletes in a patriarchal society: A study in Turkey,” SEX ROLES, pp. 217–225, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: