Polystyrene-organoclay nanocomposites prepared by melt intercalation, in situ, and Masterbatch methods

Yılmazer, Ülkü
Ozden, G
In this study, polystyrene (PS)/montmorillonite nanocomposites were prepared by melt intercalation, in situ polymerization, and masterbatch methods. In the masterbatch method, as the first step, a high clay content composite of PS-organoclay (masterbatch) was prepared by in situ polymerization, and then the prepared masterbatch was diluted to desired compositions with commercial PS in a twin-screw extruder. The structure and mechanical properties of the nanocomposites were examined. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that the d-spacing of the in situ formed nanocomposites increased from 32.9 angstrom for the organoclay powder to 36.3 and 36.8 angstrom respectively in nanocomposites containing 0.73 and 1.6 wt% organoclay, indicating intercalation. However, the d-spacing of the other prepared materials remained nearly unchanged when compared with pure organoclay powder. Thus, at these low clay contents, in situ formed nanocomposites showed the best improvement in mechanical properties including tensile, impact strength, and Young's modulus. In situ polymerization method did not prove to be efficient at high clay loadings in terms of intercalation and mechanical properties. At high clay loadings, the effects of the three methods in promoting mechanical properties were not significantly different from each other.


Dual type complementary colored polymer electrochromic devices based on conducting polymers of poly(hexanedioic acid bis-(2-thiophen-3-yl-ethyl ester)
Camurlu, P; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Informa UK Limited, 2006-03-01)
In this study, dual type polymer electrochromic devices (ECDs) based on homopolymer and copolymer of hexanedioic acid bis-(2-thiophen-3-yl-ethyl ester) with 3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene (EDOT) were constructed, where PEDOT functioned as the cathodically coloring layer. Spectroelectrochemistry, switching ability, stability, open circuit memory and color of the devices were investigated. Results of the kinetic studies showed these devices exhibit switching times around 1.8 s with an optical contrast of 24-25.3...
Reactive extrusion of poly(ethylene terephthalate)-(ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate)-organoclay nanocomposites
Alyamac, Elif; Yılmazer, Ülkü (Wiley, 2007-04-01)
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of component concentrations and addition order of the components on the final properties of ternary nanocomposites composed of poly(ethylene terephthalate), organoclay, and an ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate (E-MA-GMA) terpolymer acting as an impact modifier for PET. In this context, first, the optimum amount of the impact modifier was determined by melt compounding binary PET-terpolymer blends in a corotating twin-screw extruder. The amount...
Usanmaz, Ali; KIZILIRMAK, N (Informa UK Limited, 1992-01-01)
Solid-state polymerization of 1-ethynyl-1-cyclohexanol was carried out by irradiation in vacuum and in open air at 20-degrees-C. Radiation-induced polymerization was also done in a benzene solution. The products were mixtures of oligomers and polymers. IR, NMR, UV, and x-ray investigations showed the initial formation of trimer, oligomer, and polymer. The polymer fraction increased with an increase of conversion. Electroinitiated polymerization gave soluble and insoluble fractions. The soluble fraction was ...
Conducting copolymers of random and block copolymers of electroactive and liquid crystalline monomers with pyrrole and thiophene
Camurlu, Pinar; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Yilmaz, Faruk; Yagci, Yusuf; Galli, Giancarlo (Informa UK Limited, 2007-03-01)
Block and random copolymers having 3-methyl thienylmethacrylate and 6-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4'-oxy) hexyl acrylate moieties were utilized as precursor polymers in this study. Electrochemical copolymerizations were performed in the presence of thiophene or pyrrole in acetonitrile-tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TBAFB) at constant potential. The characterizations were performed by cyclic voltammetry (CV), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal gravime...
Immobilization of Invertase in a Novel Proton Conducting Poly(vinylphosphonic acid) - poly(1-vinylimidazole) Network
Isikli, Suheda; Tuncagil, Sevinc; Bozkurt, Ayhan; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Informa UK Limited, 2010-01-01)
A novel proton conducting polymer blend was prepared by mixing poly(vinylphosphonic acid) (PVPA) with poly(1-vinylimidazole) (PVI) at various stoichiometric ratios via changing molar ratio of monomer repeating unit to achieve the highest protonation. The polymer network having the most suitable stoichiometric ratio for substantial proton conductivity was prepared and characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy and proton conductivity measurements. The network was used for immobilization of invertase and some import...
Citation Formats
Ü. Yılmazer and G. Ozden, “Polystyrene-organoclay nanocomposites prepared by melt intercalation, in situ, and Masterbatch methods,” POLYMER COMPOSITES, pp. 249–255, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/56678.