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Genetic structure of honeybee, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera : Apidae) populations of Turkey inferred from microsatellite analysis

Bodur, Cagri
Kence, Meral
Kence, Aykut
We analyzed the genetic structure of 11 honeybee (Apis mellifera L) populations from Turkey and one from Cyprus using 9 microsatellite marker loci. Heterozygosity levels, mean number of alleles per population, number of diagnostic alleles, and pairwise F-ST values were computed for the populations studied. Heterozygosity levels were found to range between 0.54 and 0.68. We detected high levels of genetic divergence among the populations based on pairwise F-ST values; 50 of 66 pairwise F-ST values were significant. The presence of a large number of rare alleles and highly differentiated populations of honeybees are consistent with Anatolia's role as a genetic center for Middle Eastern honeybees. We suggest that certain precautions should be taken to limit introduction of foreign subspecies to preserve native genetic resources.