Intergenerational Transmission of Work Values: A Meta-Analytic Review

2018-08-01
CEMALCILAR SAYMAN, RAHİME ZEYNEP
Secinti, Ekin
Sümer, Nebi
Work values act as guiding principles for individuals' work-related behavior. Economic self-sufficiency is an important predictor for psychological well-being in adulthood. Longitudinal research has demonstrated work values to be an important predictor of economic behavior, and consequently of self-sufficiency. Socialization theories designate parents an important role in the socialization of their children to cultural values. Yet, extant literature is limited in demonstrating the role families play on how youth develop agentic pathways and seek self-sufficiency in transition to adulthood. This study presents a meta-analytic review investigating the intergenerational transmission of work values, which is frequently assessed in terms of parent-child value similarities. Thirty studies from 11 countries (N = 19,987; Median child age = 18.15) were included in the analyses. The results revealed a significant effect of parents on their children's work values. Both mothers' and fathers' work values, and their parenting behavior were significantly associated with their children's work values. Yet, similarity of father-child work values decreased as child age increased. Our findings suggest a moderate effect, suggesting the influence of general socio-cultural context, such as generational differences and peer influences, in addition to those of parents on youth's value acquisition. Our systematic review also revealed that, despite its theoretical and practical importance, social science literature is scarce in comprehensive and comparative empirical studies that investigate parent-child work value similarity. We discuss the implications of our findings for labor market and policy makers.
JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE

Suggestions

Consequentialist versus deontological ethical dispositions of Turkish banking sector managers : comparing a public and a private bank
Karaoğlu (Kırbaşlı), Dilşad; Üstüner, Mustafa Yılmaz; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2006)
The aim of this thesis is to see in a descriptive manner, whether there is a difference in the ethical disposition of public and private banking sector managers in Türkiye, according to two ethical theories: consequentialism (based on the consequences of the action) and deontologism (based on principles). The study analyzes the preferences of the managers both in the way of thinking and acting to see whether people act consistently with their way of thinking. The degree of validity of consequentialism/deont...
The interplay between cognitive and motivational variables in a problem-based learning environment
Araz, Guelsuem; Sungur, Semra (Elsevier BV, 2007-01-01)
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a student centered approach whereby students deal with ill-structured problems while working in small groups. In this study, a path model was utilized to model the relationships among reasoning ability, learning approach, prior knowledge, motivational variables, and achievement in genetics in PBL classes. 126 eighth grade students participated in the study. Results showed that reasoning ability, learning approach, task value, and prior knowledge had direct effects on achievem...
Compensatory nature of mixed stereotypes: an investigation of underlying mechanisms in the framework of stereotype content model
Aktan, Timuçin; Sakallı Uğurlu, Nuray; Department of Psychology (2012)
The present dissertation aims to investigate cognitive and motivational underpinnings of stereotype contents in differing contexts. This dissertation consisted of two related sections. In the first section, comparison was suggested as the cognitive process underlying the implicit competence and warmth attributions toward businesswomen and homemakers. Four studies using Go/No Go Association Task were conducted to investigate the comparison process. Findings of the studies indicated that comparison has a sign...
Intergenerational Transmission of Work Values in Czech Republic, Spain, and Turkey: Parent-Child Similarity and the Moderating Role of Parenting Behaviors
Sümer, Nebi; Pauknerova, Daniela; Vancea, Mihaela; Manuoglu, Elif (SAGE Publications, 2019-03-01)
Although public debates emphasize a weakening of work values and ethics over the last few decades, little attention has been paid to the transmission of work values between parents and children. It is still unclear what kind of parental behavior is critical and if culture influences the intergenerational transmission of work values. Based on socialization and value transmission theories, we explore the question by comparing three countries with different cultural characteristics: Czech Republic, Spain, and ...
The effcets of person-organization fit on employee jo satisfaction, performance and organizational commitment in a Turkish Public Organization
Karakurum, Müge; Bilgiç, Reyhan; Department of Psychology (2005)
The notion of person-organization fit (P-O fit) is concerned with identifying the antecedents and consequences of compatibility between employees and the organizations in which they work, as part of interactional psychology. Literature on consequences of P-O fit has demonstrated significant relationships with various individual outcomes. The main purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of P-O fit operationalized as value congruence between the employee and the organization, on job satisfacti...
Citation Formats
R. Z. CEMALCILAR SAYMAN, E. Secinti, and N. Sümer, “Intergenerational Transmission of Work Values: A Meta-Analytic Review,” JOURNAL OF YOUTH AND ADOLESCENCE, pp. 1559–1579, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/56961.