Attachment (in)security and threat priming influence signal detection performance

Sakman, Ezgi
Sümer, Nebi
This study examined whether the subliminal priming of threat and attachment figure availability interfere with cognitive attentional performance in conditions of uncertainty among individuals with differing attachment orientations. University students (N = 225) first completed a scale to identify names of their significant attachment figures (WHOTO) and self-report measures of attachment anxiety and avoidance and were then administered a computerized signal detection task assessing their cognitive attentional performance under conditions of threat and attachment figure availability priming. Findings revealed that both attachment anxiety and avoidance posed risk factors for cognitive performance but in different patterns. While attachment avoidance made individuals more prone to errors in missing a signal that was present, attachment anxiety increased the error rate for false alarms. These findings are discussed in relation to previous work in the field and their implications for potential cultural differences.


Effects of attachment styles on prefrontal cortex during naturalistic social interaction: An fNIRS based hyperscanning study
Yargıçoğlu, Burcu; Çakır, Murat Perit; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2022-1)
This study investigates possible differences of prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity as well as brain-to-brain coordination across PFCs of dyads during naturalistic social interaction from an attachment theory perspective by employing functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) hyperscanning. Male participants with right-hand dominance (N=48) were administered Turkish Experiences in Close Relationship Scale (Sumer, 2006) for assessment of predominant adult attachment styles (Secure:27, Insecure: 21) and playe...
Gender, attachment orientations, rumination, and symptomatic distress: Test of a moderated mediation model
Turan, Numan; Hoyt, William T.; Erdur Baker, Özgür (2016-11-01)
The present study examined rumination as a fundamental cognitive mechanism mediating the risk factors in insecure attachment orientations to symptomatic distress, and gender was tested as moderator of this mediation mechanism. A sample of Turkish university students composed of 278 females and 308 males (N = 586, M-age = 22.43i SDage = 2.21) completed the self-report measures. Mediation and moderation analyses performed based on linear regression models partially supported the research hypotheses. Attachmen...
Nature connectedness boosts the bright side of emotion regulation, which in turn reduces stress
Bakir-Demir, Tugce; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Akkaya, Sevinc (2021-08-01)
This study investigated the mediator role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in the relationship between nature connectedness and stress. The stress levels of participants were measured using two different methods: a) perceived stress and b) cumulative cortisol levels, which were analyzed by using the 3 cm segment of hair closest to the scalp. One hundred twenty-three female college students aged between 18 and 25 years old were included in this study. After controlling the influence of negative rea...
Help seeking and its relations to self-stigma, attachment models and gender
Dalak, Hatice; Erdur Baker, Özgür; Department of Educational Sciences (2015)
This study examined the relationship between help-seeking behavior and gender, self-stigma of seeking psychological help and internal working models of attachment. Sample was selected among university students and 307 of them responded to the study survey. There were three self-reported measures: Self-Stigma of Seeking Psychological Help Scale, Relationships Questionnaire, and Demographic Form. Logistic regression analysis has been implemented to examine the research question. According to the results, self...
Assessing a model of cognitive test anxiety: the role of rumination, self-forgiveness, perfectionism cognitions, and cognitive defusion through the indirect effect of psychological flexibility
Aydın, Gökçen; Güneri, Oya; Department of Educational Sciences (2017)
The aim of this study was to test a model investigating the role of rumination, self-forgiveness, perfectionism cognitions, and cognitive defusion in predicting cognitive test anxiety through the indirect effect of psychological flexibility. The sample included 715 (351 females and 364 males) students from a state university in Turkey. The data collection instruments used in the study were Demographic Information Form, Cognitive Test Anxiety Scale-Revised, State Self-Forgiveness Scale, Perfectionism Cogniti...
Citation Formats
E. Sakman and N. Sümer, “Attachment (in)security and threat priming influence signal detection performance,” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS, pp. 889–916, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: