A review of methods for discrimination of honey bee populations as applied to European beekeeping

Bouga, Maria
Alaux, Cedric
Bienkowska, Malgorzata
Buechler, Ralph
Carreck, Norman L.
Cauia, Eliza
Chlebo, Robert
Dahle, Bjorn
Dall'Olio, Raffaele
De la Rua, Pilar
Gregorc, Ales
Ivanova, Evgeniya
Kence, Aykut
Kence, Meral
Kezic, Nikola
Kiprijanovska, Hrisula
Kozmus, Peter
Kryger, Per
Le Conte, Yves
Lodesani, Marco
Murilhas, Antonio Manuel
Siceanu, Adrian
Soland, Gabriele
Uzunov, Aleksandar
Wilde, Jerzy
Here, scientists from 19 European countries, most of them collaborating in Working Group 4: "Diversity and Vitality" of COST Action FA 0803 "Prevention of honey bee COlony LOSSes" (COLOSS), review the methodology applied in each country for discriminating between honey bee populations. Morphometric analyses (classical and geometric) and different molecular markers have been applied. Even if the approach has been similar, however, different methodologies regarding measurements, landmarks or molecular markers may have been used, as well as different statistical procedures. There is therefore the necessity to establish common methods in all countries in order to have results that can be directly compared. This is one of the goals of WG4 of the COLOSS project.


Differential diagnosis of the honey bee trypanosomatids Crithidia mellificae and Lotmaria passim
Ravoet, Jorgen; Schwarz, Ryan S.; Descamps, Tine; Yanez, Orlando; Tozkar, Cansu Ozge; Martin-Hernandez, Raquel; Bartolome, Carolina; De Smet, Lina; Higes, Mariano; Wenseleers, Tom; Schmid-Hempel, Regula; Neumann, Peter; Kadowaki, Tatsuhiko; Evans, Jay D.; de Graaf, Dirk C. (2015-09-01)
Trypanosomatids infecting honey bees have been poorly studied with molecular methods until recently. After the description of Crithidia mellificae (Langridge and McGhee, 1967) it took about forty years until molecular data for honey bee trypanosomatids became available and were used to identify and describe a new trypanosomatid species from honey bees, Lotmaria passim (Evans and Schwarz, 2014). However, an easy method to distinguish them without sequencing is not yet available. Research on the related bumbl...
An analysis of the incidence of measles in Turkey since 1960
Caliskan, Deniz; Piyal, Birgul; Akdur, Recep; Ocaktan, Mine Esin; Yozgatlıgil, Ceylan (2016-01-01)
Background/aim: The aims of this study were to evaluate measles incidence and the effect of elimination strategy interventions on the disease from 1960 to 2014 in Turkey. The administration of measles vaccine started in the rural regions in 1970; it was carried out as a campaign along with the National Vaccine Campaign in 1985, and it has been employed as combined measles, mumps, and rubella under the scope of the Measles Elimination Program (MEP) since 2006 in Turkey. While a dramatic decrease in the repor...
Determination and comparison of genetic variation in honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations of Turkey by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA and microsatellite analyses
Ivgin Tunca, Rahşan; Kence, Meral; Department of Biology (2009)
We analyzed a total of 760 worker bees, two samples per colony, 390 colonies in 26 provinces in Turkey to determine and compare the genetic variation of Turkish honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations using 10 primers for RAPD and 6 microsatellite loci. Mean gene diversity levels ranged from 0.035 (Sanlıurfa) to 0.175 (Antalya) for RAPD and 0.449 (Muğla) to 0.739 (Artvin) for microsatellite markers. Private band patterns and alleles, pairwise FST values support that the Anatolian honey bees belong to C li...
Robust optimization of risk-aware, resilient and sustainable closed-loop supply chain network design with Lagrange relaxation and fix-and-optimize
Lotfi, Reza; Sheikhi, Zohre; Amra, Mohsen; AliBakhshi, Mehdi; Weber, Gerhard Wilhelm (2021-12-01)
This study explores a Robust, Risk-aware, Resilient, and Sustainable Closed-Loop Supply Chain Network Design (3RSCLSCND) to tackle demand fluctuation like COVID-19 pandemic. A two-stage robust stochastic multiobjective programming model serves to express the proposed problems in formulae. The objective functions include minimising costs, CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and maximising employment by applying Conditional Value at Risk (CVaR) to achieve reliability through risk reduction. The Entropic Value ...
A Corpus-based analysis of genre-specific discourse of research in the phd theses and research articles in international relations
Küçükoğlu, Ece Selva; Enginarlar, Hüsnü; Department of English Language Teaching (2016)
This study aims to investigate the genre-specific features of the introduction parts of the PhD theses (PhDTs) and research articles (RAs) in International Relations (IR). The study examines the followings: the use of lexicogrammatical features, the move step structure to find out the fitness of the CARS Model (Swales, 2004), and the rhetorical features of the two corpora. In this regard, a mixed methods research was designed to answer the research questions. Two corpora were utilized: the introduction part...
Citation Formats
M. Bouga et al., “A review of methods for discrimination of honey bee populations as applied to European beekeeping,” JOURNAL OF APICULTURAL RESEARCH, pp. 51–84, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/57629.