Synthesis and characterization of poly(allyl methacrylate) obtained by free radical initiator

Vardareli, Tugba Kantav
Keskin, Selda
Usanmaz, Ali
Allyl methacrylate was polymerized in CCl4 solution by alpha,alpha'-azoisobutyronitrile at 50, 60, and 70 degrees C. The kinetic curves were auto-accelarated types at 60 and 70 degrees C, but almost linear at 50 degrees C. Arrhenius activation energy was 77.5 kJ/mol. The polymer was insoluble in common organic solvents. It was characterized by FT-IR, NMR, DSC, TGA and XPS methods. About 98-99% of allyl side groups were remained as pendant even after completion of the polymerization. The spectroscopic and thermal results showed that polymerization is not a cyclopolymerization type, but may have end group cyclization. The high molecular weight is the main cause of a polymer being insoluble even in the early stage of the polymerization. Molecular weight of 1.1106 for a soluble polymer fraction was measured by light scattering method. The Tg of polymer was 94 degrees C, and after curing at 150-200 degrees C, increased to 211 degrees C. The thermal pyrolysis of polymer at about 350 degrees C gave an anhydride by linkage type degradation, and side group cyclization. The XPS analysis showed the presence of radical fragments of AIBN (initiator) and CCl4 (solvent) associated with oligomers.


Synthesis and characterization of conducting copolymers of (S)-2-methylbutyl-2-(3-thienyl)acetate with pyrrole and thiophene
Levent, A; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Cianga, I; Yagci, Y (Wiley, 2003-05-30)
Polymerization of methylbutyl-2-(3-thienyl)-acetate (MBTA) was achieved by constant current electrolysis at low temperature. Subsequently, the syntheses of block copolymers of polyMBTA were accomplished in the presence of either pyrrole or thiophene by constant potential electrolysis. Moreover, the copolymer of MBTA with thiophene was obtained with constant potential electrolysis.
Synthesis and microstructural characterization of nano-size calcium phosphates with different stoichiometry
Ergun, Celaletdin; Evis, Zafer; Webster, Thomas J.; Sahin, Filiz Cinar (Elsevier BV, 2011-04-01)
Calcium phosphates with Ca/P molar ratios of 0.5, 0.75, 1.33, 1.5, 1.55, 1.67, 2.0, and 2.5 were synthesized by a wet chemistry precipitation method and sintered at 500 degrees C, 700 degrees C, 900 degrees C, 1100 degrees C and 1300 degrees C for 2 h. Presence of phases and microstructures of calcium phosphates were determined by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. In all different Ca/P ratios, the precipitated phase was always hydroxyapatite with very small size and/or partial disorderness...
Synthesis, characterization, and electrochromic properties of conducting copolymers of 2-[(3-thienylcarbonyl)oxy]ethyl 3-thiophene carboxylate with thiophene and pyrrole
Bulut, U; Alkan, S; Yilmaz, F; Yagci, Y; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Informa UK Limited, 2004-07-01)
2-[(3-Thienylcarbonyl)oxy]ethyl 3-thiophene carboxylate (TOET) was synthesized via the reaction of 3-thionylcarboxylic acid with ethylene glycol, and electrochemically polymerized with thiophene (Th) and pyrrole (Py) by using tetrabutylannnonium tetrafluoroborate (TBAFB) as the supporting electrolyte in acetonitrile (ACN). Characterization of the resulting copolymers were performed via cyclic voltammetry, FTIR, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Electrical conductivities are measured by the four-probe ...
Synthesis and characterization of conducting graft copolymers based on oligophenols
Sahmetlioglu, Ertugrul; Arikan, Ufuk; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Yuruk, Huseyin; Mart, Hasan (Informa UK Limited, 2006-10-01)
Oligo-2-aminophenol (OAF) was synthesized with oxidative polycondensation of 2-aminophenol and hydrogen peroxide in an aqueous alkaline medium at 80 degrees C. Oligo-2-aminophenol with thiophene side groups (TOAF) was obtained by the reaction of OAF and thiophene-3-acetic acid. Graft copolymers of TOAF and pyrrole were synthesized by electrochemical polymerization in p-toluene sulfonic acid (PTSA)/water medium. Characterization of the graft copolymer (TOAF-g-Py), was carried out by combination of techniques...
Thermal degradation of poly(allyl methacrylate) by mass spectroscopy and TGA
Vardareli, Tugba Kantav; Keskin, Selda; Usanmaz, Ali (Informa UK Limited, 2006-10-01)
Allyl methacrylate, AMA was polymerized in CCl4 solution by alpha,alpha'-azoisobutyronitrile at 50 degrees C. The thermal degradation mechanism of PAMA was characterized by MS, TGA-FT-IR and FT-IR-ATR methods. The mass spectrum and TGA thermogram showed two stage degradation. The first stage of degradation was mostly linkage type degradation for the fragmentation of pendant allyl groups at 225 - 350 degrees C. In the second stage, at 395 - 515 degrees C, the degradation is random scission and depolymerizati...
Citation Formats
T. K. Vardareli, S. Keskin, and A. Usanmaz, “Synthesis and characterization of poly(allyl methacrylate) obtained by free radical initiator,” JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, pp. 302–311, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: