Determination of simvastatin-induced changes in bone composition and structure by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in rat animal model

Garip, Sebnem
Severcan, Feride
Simvastatin is a hypolipidemic drug which is used to control hypercholesterolemia and to prevent cardiovascular disease. In the current study, the effects of high and low doses of simvastatin treatment on tibia of healthy rats were investigated. Wistar rats were used for the control, 20 mg and 50 mg simvastatin-treated groups. Molecular investigations were performed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. In the bones of the two groups of simvastatin-treated rats, the relative mineral/matrix ratio (p < 0.001), relative carbonate content (p < 0.001), carbonate/amide I ratio (p < 0.001) and crystallinity (p < 0.001) decreased significantly compared to the control group. Low dose of simvastatin treatment is more effective in reducing the relative carbonate content indicating the amount of carbonate substitution for phosphate in the mineral crystal. The olefinic band almost disappeared in the high dose of simvastatin-treated group which implies a decrease in unsaturation and an increase in lipid peroxidation. The higher frequency value and the bandwidth of CH2 asymmetric stretching band for the 50 mg treated group imply more disordered (p < 0.001) and fluid (p < 0.001) membrane structure. Low dose of simvastatin is more effective in strengthening the bone than high dose simvastatin treatment. High dose simvastatin treatment induces lipid peroxidation and changes the lipid composition and concentration, which are known to affect membrane physical properties.


Evaluation and discrimination of simvastatin-induced structural alterations in proteins of different rat tissues by FTIR spectroscopy and neural network analysis
Garip, Sebnem; Yapici, Engin; Ozek, Nihal Simsek; Severcan, Mete; Severcan, Feride (Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2010-01-01)
Statins are commonly used to control hypercholesterolemia and to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Among the statins, Simvastatin is one of the most frequently prescribed statins because of its efficacy in reducing LDL lipoprotein cholesterol levels, its tolerability, and its reduction of cardiovascular risk and mortality. Conflicting results have been reported with regard to benefits (pleiotropic effects) as well as risks (adverse effects) of simvastatin on different soft and hard tissues. In the current st...
Structural effects of simvastatin on liver rate tissue: Fourier transform infrared and Raman microspectroscopic studies
Garip, Sebnem; Bayari, Sevgi Haman; Severcan, Mete; Abbas, Sherif; Lednev, Igor K.; Severcan, Feride (2016-02-01)
Simvastatin is one of the most frequently prescribed statins because of its efficacy in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, reducing cardiovascular risk and related mortality. Determination of its side effects on different tissues is mandatory to improve safe use of this drug. In the present study, the effects of simvastatin on molecular composition and structure of healthy rat livers were investigated by Fourier transform infrared and Raman imaging. Simvastatin-treated groups received 50 mg/kg/day simva...
Interaction of the cholesterol reducing agent simvastatin with zwitterionic DPPC and charged DPPG phospholipid membranes
Sariisik, Ediz; KOÇAK, MUSTAFA; Baloglu, Fatma Kucuk; Severcan, Feride (Elsevier BV, 2019-04-01)
Simvastatin is a lipid-lowering drug in the pharmaceutical group statins. Interaction of a drug with lipids may define its role in the system and be critical for its pharmacological activity. We examined the interactions of simvastatin with zwitterionic dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and anionic dipalmitoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) as a function of temperature at different simvastatin concentrations using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and differentia...
Regulation of Glutathione S-Transferase Mu with type 1 diabetes and its regulation with antioxidants
SADİ, GÖKHAN; Kartal, Deniz Irtem; Güray, Nülüfer Tülün (2013-01-01)
Objective: Increased oxidative stress is now related with the pathogenesis and the chronic complications associated with the disease, diabetes mellitus. While roles of oxidative stress in diabetic complications are widely studied, the molecular mechanisms playing role in the regulations of detoxification enzymes in the presence of antioxidants have not been clearly established because of the complexity of the pathways.
Determination of hypothalamic neuropeptide levels involved in appetite regulation in atypical antipsychotic drug, risperidone treatment
Kurşungöz, Canan; Yanık, Tülin; Department of Biology (2012)
Although the use of atypical antipsychotic drugs is successful in the treatment of schizophrenia, they cause complications in the long term use that is mainly weight gain. In this study, circulating levels of hypothalamic neuropeptides/hormones, which are related to appetite regulation; neuropeptide Y (NPY), alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH), cocaine and amphethamine regulated transcript (CART) and plus leptin in male schizophrenic patients who were treated with an atypical antipsychotic drug, ri...
Citation Formats
S. Garip and F. Severcan, “Determination of simvastatin-induced changes in bone composition and structure by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in rat animal model,” JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS, pp. 580–588, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: