Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors

This study investigates the determinants of school attainments of boys and girls in Turkey. Although high levels of enrollments have been achieved at the primary school level for both boys and girls in much of Turkey, substantial regional differences remain. In particular, in the Southeastern region, girls begin to drop out of school around the third grade. Only half of the primary school graduates register at the middle level. Thus, the purpose of this study is to examine the determinants of educational attainments at the primary, middle and high school levels. Individual and household factors Such as household income, parental education and occupation and a rich array of community characteristics are considered. The community characteristics considered included rural/Urban location, the level of urban development, distances to regional metro centers and Istanbul and the local employment composition. Attainments of boys and girls are examined separately so as to shed light on the causes for the significantly lower level of attainment for girls. Understanding the constraints causing the large gender gap in Turkish education and the covariates related to lower overall educational levels may be useful to policy makers and planners.


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This study aimed to investigate the professional identity construction of EFL teachers working at rural school in Turkey. The participants of the study were five EFL teachers working in four different geographical regions of Turkey at middle school level. The main research foci of the study are: (1) understanding the professional identity construction experiences of EFL teachers working at rural schools, (2) examining the influence of teaching context on professional identity construction of rural EFL teach...
Perceived parental attitudes of Turkish college students towards dating and premarital sexual behaviors : the role of students' gender & parental marital status
Şahin, Başak; Öner Özkan, Bengi; Department of Psychology (2005)
The aim of this study is to measure the perceived parental attitudes of Turkish college students towards dating and premarital sexual behavior and to examine how these attitudes differ with respect to gender of the students and parental marital status. The participants of the present study were 160 college students. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire, with two scales, which were measuring perceived parental attitudes toward dating behavior and perceived parental attitudes toward premarital ...
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This study investigated gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity process as part of the International Self-Identity Research Project. A total of 154 male and 119 female adolescents ages 14 through 17 from urban and rural areas of Turkey were surveyed through a questionnaire. The results indicated that ''family'' was the dominant source of belongingness for both males and females, followed by ''friendships'' and ''school.'' Friendships and education were valued more by females than by mal...
Playfulness of early childhood teachers and their views in supporting playfulness
Canaslan-Akyar, Begum; Sevimli Çelik, Serap (2021-05-01)
This study examined Turkish early childhood teachers' playfulness and their support of playfulness in classrooms. An explanatory mixed method design was utilised with a convenience sample of 485 teachers in the quantitative portion and 20 teachers in the qualitative portion. The quantitative data was collected through the Adult Playfulness Trait Scale (APTS), while the qualitative data was collected via interviews. No differences were indicated for teacher playfulness regarding age and/or years of teaching....
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In this study, 419 Turkish middle school students (203 girls, 216 boys) were surveyed on their exposure to and engagement in bullying, and their level of hopelessness. Our findings suggest that girls were victims of indirect (e.g. gossiping) bullying more than boys. Boys reported being victims of physical (e.g. damaging property) and verbal (e.g. teasing) bullying more than girls. While the level of hopelessness among victims of physical and verbal bullying was higher than non-victims, no difference was fou...
Citation Formats
A. Tansel, “Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors,” ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION REVIEW, pp. 455–470, 2002, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: