Public-private employment choice, wage differentials, and gender in Turkey

The main objective of this article is to examine the factors that explain the employment choice and the wage differentials in public administration, state‐owned enterprises, and the formal private wage sector in Turkey. Selectivity‐corrected wage equations are estimated for each sector for men and women separately. Oaxaca‐Blinder decomposition of the wage differentials between sectors by gender and between men and women by sector are carried out. Results indicate that when controlled for observed characteristics and sample selection, for men public administration wages are higher than private sector wages except at the university level where the wages are at par. State‐owned enterprise wages for men are higher than private sector wages. Similar results are obtained for women. Further, while the wages of men and women are at parity in the public administration, there is a large gender wage gap in the private sector in favor of men. Private returns to schooling are found to be lower in the noncompetitive public rather than in the competitive private sector.


Tansel, Aysıt (2015-07-01)
In this study, we examine the formal/informal sector earnings differentials in the Turkish labor market using detailed econometric methodologies and a novel panel data set drawn from the 2006-2009 Income and Living Conditions Survey (SILC). In particular, we test if there is evidence of traditional segmented labor markets theory which postulates that informal workers are typically subject to lower remuneration than similar workers in the formal sector. Estimation of standard Mincer earnings equations at the...
Sociological analysis of new trends in vocational education and training (vet) in Turkey
Özaltan, Aslı; Kalaycıoğlu, Hediye Sibel; Department of Sociology (2010)
The aim of this study is to put forth the relationship between the transformation of the labor market and the production process and the vocational education and training in Turkey. The Study will reflect the effects of transformation on the individual and society. The research is conducted through interviews with social partners. The study touches upon the reflection of the understanding of new vocationalism adopted in line with the flexibilisation in the organization of work on the vocational and technica...
National social dialogue structures and the european employment strategy: comparing Greece and Ireland
Cihan, Gizem; Yalman, Osman Galip; Tsarouhas, Dimitri; Department of European Studies (2010)
The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the impact of European Employment Strategy (EES) on social partnership at national level. Increasing the participation of trade unions, employer organisations and other social partners in policy formulation and implementation is one of the EES objectives. A comparative study has been conducted on Ireland and Greece in order to analyse to what extent this objective has been achieved through EES, which is an Open Method of Coordination. Historical institutionalism prov...
Flexicurity: a deliberate ambiguity
Uslu, Hasan Faruk; Tsarouhas, Dimitris; Department of European Studies (2008)
The aim of this thesis is to focus on the concept of flexicurity, accepted as the new labour market model balancing the needs of employers for greater flexibility in order to adapt to market forces, and the need of employees for security, which has recently been one of the most popular concepts of the debate on labour market reforms in the European Union. While doing so, this thesis discusses the position of key European institutions, especially of the Commission of the European Communities. The main argume...
Global dynamics, domestic coalitions and a reactive state: Major policy shifts in post-war Turkish economic development
Öniş , Ziya; Şenses, Fikret (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2007-12-1)
The main objective of this study is to propose an analytical framework to explain the major policy shifts that has characterized post-war Turkish economic development; divided into four phases, starting respectively in 1950, 1960, 1980, and 2001. Its main contribution is to incorporate external and internal factors into this framework within a broadly political economy perspective, attaching particular significance to the role of economic crises in moving from one phase to the other. While the role of exter...
Citation Formats
A. Tansel, “Public-private employment choice, wage differentials, and gender in Turkey,” ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE, pp. 453–477, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: