Genetic and morphometric variation in honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) populations of Turkey

Kandemir, I
Kence, M
Kence, Aykut
Six enzyme systems were studied to determine the genetic variability in honeybee populations in Turkey. Ten morphometric characters were also measured to determine the extent of morphometric variation. Out of six enzyme systems, four were found to be polymorphic with 16 allozymes. The average heterozygosity was calculated as 0.072 +/- 0.007. Morphometric and electrophoretic variables were equally effective in discriminating honeybee populations. European and Anatolian honeybees were separated on the first axis, and Anatolian honeybees were further separated along a second canonical axis. The observation of rare alleles in isoenzymes, detection of high genetic diversity and the presence of four known subspecies support the argument that Anatolia has been a genetic center for honeybee populations in the Near East.


A comparative genetic analysis of the subterranean termite genus Reticulitermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae)
Austin, JW; Szalanski, AL; Uva, P; Bagneres, AG; Kence, Aykut (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2002-11-01)
DNA sequencing analysis of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase H (COII) region was used to examine genetic variation in the termite genus Reticulitermes Holmgren. We examined 21 species and subspecies from three continents. Sequencing of a 677-bp region of a 780-bp amplicon from 41 individuals and from 17 sequences obtained from GenBank revealed 221 polymorphic sites within the genus. Tajima-Nei distances from species ranged from 0.9 to 12.7%, and parsimony and maximum likelihood analysis revealed seve...
Genetic relationships among perennial and annual Cicer species growing in Turkey as revealed by allozymes
Sudupak, MA; Kence, Aykut (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2004-05-01)
Allozyme polymorphisms were used to assess genetic variation and relationships among ten Cicer species ( annuals and perennials) growing in Turkey. Using seven enzyme systems, 12 putative scorable loci were detected and surveyed for polymorphism in an accession collection including wild and cultivated forms. Variation was generally low within accessions and species, but common between species. Cluster analysis based on the pairwise genetic distance coefficients (Nei 1978) among accessions and species using ...
Molecular detection of Nosema ceranae and N. apis from Turkish honey bees
Whitaker, Justin; Szalanski, Allen L.; Kence, Meral (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2011-03-01)
Polymerase chain reaction specific for the rDNA marker for Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis was conducted on 84 Apis mellifera samples collected from 20 provinces in Turkey. N. ceranae was detected from three samples from the provinces of Artvin, Hatay, and Mugla. N. apis was detected in samples from the provinces of Sivas, Izmir, Bitlis and Gaziantep. All of the positive samples were from honey bees belonging to the 'C' lineage of A. mellifera. DNA sequencing analysis of the N. ceranae samples revealed that ...
Genetic relationships among perennial and annual Cicer species growing in Turkey assessed by AFLP fingerprinting
Sudupak, MA; Akkaya, Mahinur; Kence, A (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2004-03-01)
AFLP markers were used to assess genetic relationships among Cicer species with distribution in Turkey. Genetic distances were computed among 47 Cicer accessions representing four perennial and six annual species including chickpea, using 306 positions on AFLP gels. AFLP-based grouping of species revealed two clusters, one of which includes three perennial species, Cicer montbretii, Cicer isauricum and Cicer anatolicum, while the other cluster consists of two subclusters, one including one perennial, Cicer ...
Morphometric and genetic variability of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations from northern Iran
Kence, Meral; Farhoud, Houmen Jabbari; Tunca, Rahsan Ivgin (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
Samples from seven honey bee populations; five Apis mellifera meda from Iran and two from Turkey, one belonging to A. m. meda and one to A. m. caucasica, were investigated using morphometric, mtDNA, and microsatellite analyses. Morphometric analysis revealed three distinct clusters. The first included all Iranian populations, whilst the second and third contained the meda and caucasica bees from Turkey. No variation was observed in the DraI restriction of COI-COII intergenic region in mitochondrial DNA, yie...
Citation Formats
I. Kandemir, M. Kence, and A. Kence, “Genetic and morphometric variation in honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) populations of Turkey,” APIDOLOGIE, pp. 343–356, 2000, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: