A comparative genetic analysis of the subterranean termite genus Reticulitermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae)

Austin, JW
Szalanski, AL
Uva, P
Bagneres, AG
Kence, Aykut
DNA sequencing analysis of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase H (COII) region was used to examine genetic variation in the termite genus Reticulitermes Holmgren. We examined 21 species and subspecies from three continents. Sequencing of a 677-bp region of a 780-bp amplicon from 41 individuals and from 17 sequences obtained from GenBank revealed 221 polymorphic sites within the genus. Tajima-Nei distances from species ranged from 0.9 to 12.7%, and parsimony and maximum likelihood analysis revealed several clades within the genus. Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) formed a distinct clade along with R. santonensis De Feytaud. European R. lucifugus (Rossi) formed a distinct clade with R. banyulensis (Beziers). Turkish R. lucifugus was distinct relative to European R. lucifugus, and along with R. clypeatus Lash from Israel formed a sister group with R. balkanensis Clement from Greece. This study provides support for the separation of Turkish R. lucifugus from European members of the species. This mitochondrial DNA marker was also able to identify several Reticulitermes specimens from Oklahoma, Texas, Missouri, and South Korea to R. flavipes, R. hageni Banks, R. virginicus (Banks), and R. speratus Shimizu.


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Kandemir, I; Kence, M; Kence, Aykut (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2000-05-01)
Six enzyme systems were studied to determine the genetic variability in honeybee populations in Turkey. Ten morphometric characters were also measured to determine the extent of morphometric variation. Out of six enzyme systems, four were found to be polymorphic with 16 allozymes. The average heterozygosity was calculated as 0.072 +/- 0.007. Morphometric and electrophoretic variables were equally effective in discriminating honeybee populations. European and Anatolian honeybees were separated on the first a...
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Ogur, E.; YÜCEL, MUSTAFA; Öktem, Hüseyin Avni (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
To help in the development of Sunn Pest-resistant transgenic plants employing protease or alpha-amylase inhibitors, midgut hydrolytic enzymes of Sunn Pest (Eurygaster integriceps, Put.) (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) were identified and characterized biochemically. We observed levels of very low proteolytic activity of trypsin (3 nmoles/min/mg), elastase (0.66 nmoles/min/mg) and leucine aminopeptidase-like (14.4 nmoles/min/mg) proteases, but no chymotrypsin and papain-like activity. Proteolytic activities wer...
Comparative molecular phylogenetics of Astragalus L. sections from Turkey with New World Astragalus species using nrDNA ITS sequences
Dizkirici, Ayten; EKİCİ, MURAT; Kaya, Zeki (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2014-01-01)
Comparative molecular phylogenetic study using nrDNA internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) sequences was carried out on species from three Astragalus L. (Fabaceae) sections from Turkey (Old World species) and the New World. A total of 56 taxa (179 accessions) including 30 species from Incani DC., 15 species from Hypoglottidei DC. and 11 species from Dissitiflori DC. section were used in the current study. The total length of the ITS region was 642 bp with 56 (8.7 %) parsimony-informative and 9 insertion\...
Employing DNA barcoding as taxonomy and conservation tools for fish species censuses at the southeastern Mediterranean, a hot-spot area for biological invasion
Karahan, Arzu; PAZ, Guy; STERN, Nir; Kıdeyş, Ahmet Erkan; Goren, Menachem; RİNKEVİCH, Baruch (2017-04-01)
This study evaluates the utility of DNA barcoding (mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I; COI) as a biodiversity and conservation applied tool for identifying fish fauna from the southeastern Mediterranean (the continental coast of Israel), a hot-spot area for biological invasion, also with an eye to establish the foundation for follow-up studies that will use environmental DNA (eDNA) tracks of native and invasive species, and for the application of eDNA concepts and methodologies in nature conservatio...
Molecular detection of Nosema ceranae and N. apis from Turkish honey bees
Whitaker, Justin; Szalanski, Allen L.; Kence, Meral (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2011-03-01)
Polymerase chain reaction specific for the rDNA marker for Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis was conducted on 84 Apis mellifera samples collected from 20 provinces in Turkey. N. ceranae was detected from three samples from the provinces of Artvin, Hatay, and Mugla. N. apis was detected in samples from the provinces of Sivas, Izmir, Bitlis and Gaziantep. All of the positive samples were from honey bees belonging to the 'C' lineage of A. mellifera. DNA sequencing analysis of the N. ceranae samples revealed that ...
Citation Formats
J. Austin, A. Szalanski, P. Uva, A. Bagneres, and A. Kence, “A comparative genetic analysis of the subterranean termite genus Reticulitermes (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae),” ANNALS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, pp. 753–760, 2002, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/62967.