Migrants and changing urban periphery: Social relations, cultural diversity and the public space in Istanbul's new neighbourhoods

2008-01-01
Ayata, Sencer
This study examines the dynamics of socio-cultural change in a peripheral neighbourhood in Istanbul, an "edge city" that is ethnically mixed, culturally heterogeneous, socially differentiated and spatially multi-functional. One major focus in the study is the changing nature of social relations in traditional groups. Though kinship, hemseri (place of origin) and neighbourhood solidarity is still crucial in the lives of the migrants, participation in these groups becomes more voluntary and the ties among members less obligatory. Secondly, the ethnic and religious groupings in the neighbourhood are not always exclusive, authoritarian and patriarchal communities. What generally appears as rigid communitarian fragmentation is often one of cultural diversity for the residents of the locality. The associational pluralism that exists in the neighbourhood enables people to claim multiple ethnic, religious, political and cultural identities. Thirdly, though they compare unfavourably with their middle class counterparts in the city, the new neighbourhoods provide greater opportunities and more public space for interaction among the members of the locality than for instance, the rural communities. The study also questions the often taken-for-granted image of a rigidly polarized city in view of empirical evidence that indicates the multiple and complex economic and political links between the new neighbourhoods and the broader urban society. Finally, isolation from middle class areas in the city does not necessarily lead to the exclusion of the whole peripheral urban population from urban life, urban institutions and urban culture. These become increasingly present in the new neighbourhoods and available for the majority of the residents. The main conclusion is that Istanbul contains a number of such edge cities, which have powerful integrating and urbanizing influences on individuals.
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

Suggestions

A study on migration in the middle east and north africa
Önşan, Ekin; Yıldırım, Onur; Department of Economics (2011)
This thesis aims to investigate both the causes and effects of migration in the Middle East and North Africa with a view to identifying the patterns and trends that characterize migration phenomena in the region. It is argued that migration is a significant variable to understand the economic, social and political dynamics of the development that the MENA countries have experienced since imperial and/or colonial times. In its different variants, migration has been conditioned primarily by economic vicissitu...
Ethnic Return Migration and Public Debate: The Case of Kazakhstan
Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık (Wiley, 2014-04-01)
Ethnic return migrations tend to become a controversial issue and create public debates within the receiving homeland states because of two major factors. The first concerns the economic and social problems brought on by the migrants ' integration process as well as the socio-economic burden that such migrations place on homeland institutions. The second involves the inherently discriminatory and exclusionary character of such migrations because they privilege the state-bearing ethnic group over others. As ...
Geographies of a silent transition: a geographically weighted regression approach to regional fertility differences in Turkey
Isik, Oguz; Pınarcıoğlu, Mehmet Melih (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-12-01)
The fertility decline that Turkey has gone through in the last few decades is characterised by sharp regional inequalities, with western regions representing patterns akin to developed countries and those in the east resembling "third-world" countries, while central regions represent an in-between case. With the help of geographically weighted regression (GWR), this article is an attempt to set up a model of causal relationships that could account for the regional fertility differentials. The results indica...
Cultural production and urban locality in the fields of jazz and fashion design
İlkuçan, Altan; Rittersberger Tılıç, Helga İda; Department of Sociology (2013)
This study aims to analyze the relationship between cultural producers in Istanbul and the wider processes of neoliberal urban restructuring that takes in their surroundings. The study uses a Bourdieusian framework to uncover such relationships between cultural producers and external influences on their respective fields. By focusing on the case of two fields (jazz and fashion design) as located in Kuledibi, Galata, the study aims to establish a localized perspective to the relationship between the cultural...
Urban Alevilik : self perception on the two neighborhoods in Ankara
Fırat, Kamil; Şen, Mustafa; Department of Sociology (2004)
Based on field research carried out in two neighborhoods of Ankara, the primary aim of this study is to explore urban Alevilik and its basic characteristics as perceived by the Alevis which is compared with traditional Alevilik and its features as perceived by the Alevis in urban setting. Additionally, this study is to examine the basic factors that are behind the differences in perceptions of the Alevis, if there are some significant differences in the perception of Alevis regarding these subjects. In this...
Citation Formats
S. Ayata, “Migrants and changing urban periphery: Social relations, cultural diversity and the public space in Istanbul’s new neighbourhoods,” INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION, pp. 27–64, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/63466.