Three Ottoman Pashas at the Congress of Berlin, 1878

Wasti, Syed Tanvir
In the weakened Ottoman Empire of the nineteenth century, revolts in the Balkans and subsequent Russian intervention led to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 which resulted in a great loss of Ottoman territory and population in the European part of the Empire. After the ceasefire at Edirne in January 1878 and the signing of the Treaty of San Stefano in March 1878, the Congress of Berlin was convened in June 1878 in order to achieve a political settlement. High-level plenipotentiaries of the main European Powers took part in the deliberations. Against the backdrop of the Congress of Berlin, details are provided about the lives and careers of the members of the Ottoman Turkish delegation.


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Citation Formats
S. T. Wasti, “Three Ottoman Pashas at the Congress of Berlin, 1878,” MIDDLE EASTERN STUDIES, pp. 938–952, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: