Simulation of water exchange in enclosed water bodies

Ozhan, E
Balas, L
A 0-D (box type) mathematical flushing model and a three-dimensional baroclinic numerical model have been presented that are used to simulate transport processes in coastal waters. The numerical model consists of hydrodynamic, transport and turbulence model components. In the hydrodynamic model component, the Navier-Stokes equations are solved with the Boussinesq approximation. The transport model component consists of the pollutant transport model and the water temperature and salinity transport models. In this component, the three dimensional convective diffusion equations are solved for each of the three quantities. In the turbulence model, a two-equation k-epsilon formulation is solved to calculate the kinetic energy of the turbulence and its rate of dissipation, which provides the variable vertical turbulent eddy viscosity. Horizontal eddy viscosity can be simulated by the Smagorinsky algebraic sub-grid scale turbulence model. The, solution method is a composite finite difference-finite element method. In the horizontal plane finite difference approximations and in the vertical plane finite element shape functions are used. The governing equations are solved implicitly in the Cartesian coordinate system. The horizontal mesh sizes can be variable. To increase the vertical resolution, grid clustering can be applied. In the treatment of coastal land boundaries, the flooding and drying processes can be considered. The developed numerical model predictions are verified by the hydraulic model studies conducted on the forced flushing of marinas in enclosed seas.


Applications of a 3-D numerical model to circulation in coastal waters
Balas, L; Ozhan, E (2001-06-01)
A three dimensional baroclinic numerical model which consists of hydrodynamic, transport and turbulence model components, has been applied to two test cases, including: the wind induced flow in a laboratory basin and tidal flow in a model rectangular harbor. The agreement between the physical and numerical model results is highly encouraging. Model has been implemented to Oludeniz Lagoon located at the Mediterranean coast of Turkey to simulate tidal and wind driven currents. M2 tide is the dominant tidal co...
Numerical simulation of wave-induced scour and backfilling processes beneath submarine pipelines
Fuhrman, David R; Baykal, Cüneyt; Sumer, B Mutlu; Jacobsen, Niels G; Fredsoe, Jorgen (2014-12-01)
A fully-coupled hydrodynamic/morphodynamic numerical model is presented and utilized for the simulation of wave-induced scour and backfilling processes beneath submarine pipelines. The model is based on solutions to Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, coupled with k - omega turbulence closure, with additional bed and suspended load descriptions forming the basis for sea bed morphology. The morphological evolution is updated continuously, rather than being based e.g. on period- or other time-averaging...
Theoretical and experimental investigation of bulk glass forming ability in bulk amorphous alloy systems
Ayas, Can; Mekrabov, Amdulla O.; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (2005)
In this study molecular dynamics simulation program in NVT ensemble using Velocity Verlet integration was written in order to investigate the glass forming ability of two metallic systems. The Zn-Mg system, one of the frontiers of simple metal-metal metallic glasses and Fe-B, inquiring attention due to presence of many bulk glass forming alloy systems evolved from this binary with different alloying element additions. In addition to this, atomistic calculations on the basis of ordering were carried out for ...
Simulation of surface waves generated by a rapid rise of a block at the sea bottom
Şenol, Nalan; Aydın, İsmail; Department of Civil Engineering (2005)
A mathematical model is developed for investigating time dependent surface deformations of a hydrostatic water volume, when it is subjected to a sudden partial rise of the sea bottom. In the model, 2-dimensional, compressible, and viscous Navier-Stokes equations are solved by Marker and Cell (MAC) method. Variable mesh size in both horizontal and vertical directions with a staggered grid arrangement is used. Limited compressibility model is utilized for pressure. Various computational tests are done for the...
Comparison of prognostic and diagnostic surface flux modeling approaches over the Nile River basin
Yılmaz, Mustafa Tuğrul; Zaitchik, Ben; Hain, Chris R.; Crow, Wade T.; Ozdogan, Mutlu; Chun, Jong Ahn; Evans, Jason (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2014-01-01)
Regional evapotranspiration (ET) can be estimated using diagnostic remote sensing models, generally based on principles of energy balance closure, or with spatially distributed prognostic models that simultaneously balance both energy and water budgets over landscapes using predictive equations for land surface temperature and moisture states. Each modeling approach has complementary advantages and disadvantages, and in combination they can be used to obtain more accurate ET estimates over a variety of land...
Citation Formats
E. Ozhan and L. Balas, “Simulation of water exchange in enclosed water bodies,” COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE - ICCS 2003, PT II, PROCEEDINGS, pp. 195–204, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: