Optimization studies on the features of an activated charcoal-supported urease system

Kibarer, GD
Akovali, G
The adsorption of urease onto a well-defined solid support, petroleum-based activated charcoal, has been achieved to provide the enzymatic hydrolysis of urea. In order to produce a biocompatible surface, the enzyme support system has been coated with hexamethyldisiloxane through plasma polymerization. The quality of the resulting coat was tested by electronic spectroscopy for chemical analysis and scanning electron microscopy techniques. Studies on the adsorption of urease, and activity and stability of the enzyme on the support have been in the direction to optimize the features of the charcoal-supported urease and improve its availability for further use in clinical applications. (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Limited.


ELCIN, YM; Akbulut, Ural (Elsevier BV, 1992-01-01)
Glucose oxidase was immobilized into photographic gelatin hardened by chromium(III) sulphate. The enzyme-gelatin mixture was coated on polyester film strips which allowed easy and simple handling during assays. The effect of gelatin and cross-linker concentrations on water content and enzymatic activity was studied. The effect of pH during immobilization and that of incubation temperature on maximum activity were examined- Enzyme leakage tests were carried out during reuse number studies. Consecutive use of...
Highly Efficient Room Temperature Synthesis of Silver-Doped Zinc Oxide (ZnO:Ag) Nanoparticles: Structural, Optical, and Photocatalytic Properties
Yildirim, Ozlem Altintas; Ünalan, Hüsnü Emrah; Durucan, Caner (Wiley, 2013-03-01)
Synthesis of silver-doped zinc oxide (ZnO:Ag) nanoparticles through precipitation method has been reported. The synthesis was conducted at room temperature and no subsequent thermal treatment was applied. ZnO nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and ultraviolet-visible (UVVis) spectroscopy. Detailed crystallographic investigation was accomplished through ...
SUNGUR, S; ELCIN, YM; Akbulut, Ural (Elsevier BV, 1992-01-01)
Urease enzyme was immobilized in photographic gelatin by chemical cross-linking using formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde and chromium (III) acetate. The effects of enzyme and cross-linker concentrations, temperature, incubation time and pH on urea hydrolysis were investigated. Effect of reuse on the activity of immobilized enzyme was also studied. Glutaraldehyde (0.004 M) was the most suitable cross-linker; relative activities within 2.5 months after 24 reuses were stable (about 78%).
Combustion synthesis of calcium phosphate bioceramic powders
Tas, AC (Elsevier BV, 2000-12-01)
Calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite and tri-calcium phosphate) bioceramics closely resembling, in chemical composition, those found in vivo in human bones have been synthesized by using novel synthetic body fluid solutions via the self-propagating combustion synthesis (SPCS) method. Powder characterization was performed by XRD: ICP-AES, FTIR and SEM.
Immobilization of glucose oxidase in poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) membranes
Arica, Y.; Hasirci, V.N.; Arica, Yakup (Elsevier BV, 1987-11)
Glucose oxidase (GOD) was immobilized in a poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (HEMA) membrane through matrix entrapment in order to investigate the effect of various parameters (e.g. concentration of ingredients, temperature, repeated interaction with glucose and shelf storage) on the activity of the enzyme. Permeability of the membrane to a model permeant was tested and SEMs were obtained. It was observed that upon immobilization the affinity of GOD towards glucose was substantially decreased, and increasin...
Citation Formats
G. Kibarer and G. Akovali, “Optimization studies on the features of an activated charcoal-supported urease system,” BIOMATERIALS, pp. 1473–1479, 1996, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/64743.