Can social psychological models be used to promote bicycle helmet use among teenagers? A comparison of the Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior and the Locus of Control

Lajunen, T
Rasanen, M
Problem: The bicycle helmet use rate is still low among teenagers despite the cumulating evidence that bicycle helmets can prevent cyclists from serious injuries and death. The objective of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the Health Belief Model (HBM; Health Education Monographs, 2 (1974) (1), Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitudes, personality and behavior. Open University Press, Milton Keynes) and Locus of Control model (LC; Psychological Monographs, (1966) (80) in understanding the intention to use bicycle helmet use among bicycle helmet owners. Method: Data were collected at two schools in Helsinki, Finland. Students (N = 965) completed a questionnaire including three social psychological models applied to helmet use. Models were compared by structural equation modeling techniques. Summary: Results showed that the TPB and LC model fitted the data well, whereas fit of the HBM model was lower than the fit of TPB and LC models. All components of TPB and external LC orientation were significantly related to the intention to use a helmet. TPB together with LC model provide a promising theoretical framework for helmet use promotion campaigns. Practical suggestions for future bicycle helmet campaigns were provided. (C) 2004 National Safety Council and Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Why teenagers owning a bicycle helmet do not use their helmets
Lajunen, T; Rasanen, M (2001-09-01)
Problem: Recent reports about bicycle helmet wearing indicate that the number of helmet users is still very small among teenagers. The objective of this prevalence survey was to investigate why teenagers do not use a bicycle helmet even if they have one. Method: Data were collected at two schools in Helsinki, Finland. High school students (N = 965) completed a questionnaire about their cycling habits and bicycle helmet use. Results: A student's parents' positive attitude to bicycle helmet use was the strong...
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Simsekoglu, Oezlem; Lajunen, Timo (2008-05-01)
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ORSİ, C; STENDARDO, A; MARİNONİ, A; Gilchrist, M. D.; OTTE, D; CHLİAOUTAKİS, J; LAJUNEN, TIMO JUHANI; Özkan, Türker; Dias Pereira, J.; TZAMALOUKA, G; MORANDİ, A (2012-01-01)
In accidents which involve two-wheeled vehicles the helmet plays a life-saving role, but very little is known about the motorcycle rider's perception of the helmet. We evaluated the relationships between having been involved in an accident and dissatisfaction with the helmet, and between the perception of motorcycle riders and the objective features of the helmet. This was a case-control study: riders of motorized two-wheelers who had been involved in accidents (accident cases) were compared against a simil...
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Past research has showed that mortality salience (MS) increases reckless driving and speeding when the individual perceives driving to be relevant to his or her self-esteem. We claimed that drivers' control orientations also play a significant role in the relationship between MS and speeding. We hypothesized that both a general desirability of control and traffic locus of control (T-LOC) would moderate the effect of MS on speeding. We tested our hypothesis using an online experiment on a sample of 208 young...
Citation Formats
T. Lajunen and M. Rasanen, “Can social psychological models be used to promote bicycle helmet use among teenagers? A comparison of the Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior and the Locus of Control,” JOURNAL OF SAFETY RESEARCH, pp. 115–123, 2004, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: