Do internals speed less and externals speed more to cope with the death anxiety?

ALPER, Sinan
Özkan, Türker
Past research has showed that mortality salience (MS) increases reckless driving and speeding when the individual perceives driving to be relevant to his or her self-esteem. We claimed that drivers' control orientations also play a significant role in the relationship between MS and speeding. We hypothesized that both a general desirability of control and traffic locus of control (T-LOC) would moderate the effect of MS on speeding. We tested our hypothesis using an online experiment on a sample of 208 young male drivers. Participants were exposed to either mortality or dental pain salience, and they filled out desirability of control, T-LOC, and self-report speeding measures. The results showed that, for individuals with low desirability of control, MS increased preferred speed and decreased intention to comply with speed limit and the percentage of time complied with the speed limit on urban roads with 50 km/h speed limit. For individuals with high desirability of control, on the other hand, MS increased intention to comply with the speed limit on rural roads and percentage of the time complied with the speed limit on both urban and rural roads. In contrast, the interaction between MS and T-LOC showed that an external T-LOC is positively associated with both intention to comply and the percentage of the time complied with the speed limits only on rural roads with 90 km/h.


Multidimensional Traffic Locus of Control Scale (T-LOC): factor structure and relationship to risky driving
Özkan, Türker (2005-02-01)
The aim of the present study was to develop a multidimensional instrument for measuring driver locus of control and to investigate the relationship between driver locus of control, risky driving and negative outcomes. Participants were young male (N = 216) and female (N = 132) drivers who completed a form including the newly developed Multidimensional Traffic Locus of Control Scale (T-LOC), Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ), and items related to drivers' driving records and demographics. Factor analysis ...
The Relationship between Dispositional Affect and Traffic Locus of Control in Driving
Arslan, Burcu (2021-10-01)
The locus of control and dispositional affect of drivers has been claimed to influence driver behaviors. The positive affect and internal locus of control were usually claimed to be related to safety behaviors, whereas negative affect and external locus of control were shown as related to risky behaviors. To investigate the locus of control in the traffic context, multidimensional traffic locus of control (T-LOC) was developed with four dimensions; self, other drivers, vehicle/environment, and fate. In the ...
Can social psychological models be used to promote bicycle helmet use among teenagers? A comparison of the Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior and the Locus of Control
Lajunen, T; Rasanen, M (2004-01-01)
Problem: The bicycle helmet use rate is still low among teenagers despite the cumulating evidence that bicycle helmets can prevent cyclists from serious injuries and death. The objective of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the Health Belief Model (HBM; Health Education Monographs, 2 (1974) (1), Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitudes, personality and behavior. Open University Press, Milton Keynes) and Locus of Control model (LC; Psychological Monographs, (1966) (80) in un...
Do symptoms of psychopathology predict a professional driver’s involvement in traffic accidents?
Lajunen, Tımo Juhanı; Sümer, Nebi; Özkan, Türker (2001-01-01)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate how symptoms of psychopathology and demographic variables are related to traffic accident involvement among professional drivers. Methods: Two-hundred and seventy-three male professional drivers living in Ankara volunteered to fill in a form including Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), questions about their accident history and background information. BSI scales scores showed high internal consistency. Data were analyzed by using logistic regression analysis. ...
Impulsivity and driver behaviors, offences and accident involvement: A systematic review
BIÇAKSIZ, Pinar; Özkan, Türker (2016-04-01)
The present literature review study investigated the relationship between impulsivity and driver behaviors, offences and road traffic accidents through the lenses of characterological perspective. The studies published from 1970 to 2014 that examined and reported a relationship between impulsivity and at least one driving related outcome (e.g., a self-report measure of driver behavior) were included. The relevant 38 out of 288 studies are presented in four sections based on the driving related outcomes as; ...
Citation Formats
S. ALPER and T. Özkan, “Do internals speed less and externals speed more to cope with the death anxiety?,” TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR, pp. 68–77, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: