Quasi-steady exchange flow in the bosphorus

Gregg, MC
Ozsoy, E
Latif, MA
Current meter moorings and high-resolution surveys in the Bosphorus reveal important details of the exchange flow. During early September 1994, the flow was quasi-steady and demonstrated strong mixing, particularly in the surface layer after it entered the principal contraction of the strait. Composite Froude numbers in the contraction are lower than expected, consistent with recent modeling that shows friction producing significant deviations from predictions of inviscid two-layer hydraulic theory.


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Perfectly matched layers (PML's), which are employed for mesh truncation in the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) or in finite element methods (FEM's), can be realized by artificial anisotropic materials with properly chosen permittivity and permeability tensors. The tensor constitutive parameters must satisfy the Kramers-Kronig relationships, so that the law of causality holds. These relations are used to relate the real and imaginary parts of the constitutive parameters of the PML media to deduce the a...
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Sözer, Adil; Özsoy, Emin; Department of Marine Sciences (2002)
The Bosphorus Strait is a narrow and shallow channel between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea which plays an important role in the Turkish Straits System connecting the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. The exchange flow through the Bosphorus Strait is principally determined by geometry and stratification, and exhibits a complex nonlinear response to forcing by the net water budget, pressure and wind setup effects in adjacent basins. This study aims for a better understanding of the behaviour of the ...
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Citation Formats
M. Gregg, E. Ozsoy, and M. Latif, “Quasi-steady exchange flow in the bosphorus,” GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, pp. 83–86, 1999, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/67307.