Social Presence in Synchronous Text-Based Computer-Mediated Communication

Stevens, Vance
Problem Statement: In recent years, the substantial technological development in various online environments has been used in educational environments. However, these online environments are still new for many teachers, researchers and students. Thus, researchers have attempted to determine the discourse patterns of these environments from different perspectives. Social presence is one of these dimensions; however, there has been little research on social presence in synchronous CMC environments. This study will contribute to the literature on social presence in synchronous CMC environments.


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Citation Formats
S. AKAYOĞLU, A. ALTUN, and V. Stevens, “Social Presence in Synchronous Text-Based Computer-Mediated Communication,” EGITIM ARASTIRMALARI-EURASIAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, pp. 1–16, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: