The importance of attitudes toward technology for pre-service teachers' technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge: Comparing structural equation modeling approaches

Scherer, Ronny
Tondeur, Jo
Siddiq, Fazilat
Baran, Evrim
A large body of literature suggests that attitudes toward technology and its educational use are important determinants of technology acceptance and integration in classrooms. At the same time, teachers' Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge (TPACK) facilitates the meaningful use of technology for educational purposes. Overall, attitudes toward technology and TPACK play a critical role for technology integration and have been in the focus of many empirical studies. Albeit the attention that has been paid to these two concepts, their relation has not been fully understood. The present study contributes to the advancement of this understanding by examining the relations between three core technology attitudes (i.e., general attitudes towards ICT, attitudes towards ICT in education, and ease of use) and TPACK self-efficacy beliefs, based on a sample of N = 688 Flemish pre-service teachers in 18 teacher-training institutions. Using a variety of structural equation modeling approaches, we describe the TPACK-attitudes relations from multiple perspectives and present a substantive-methodological synergism. The analyses revealed that the attitudes toward technology and TPACK self-beliefs were positively related; yet, differences across the attitudes and TPACK dimensions existed, pointing to the delineation of general and educational perspectives on the use of ICE.


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The integration of technology into education is a substantial issue for supporting and updating teachers’ professional development in today’s world and bringing up digitally literate generations and well-educated human capital. Studies have shown that technology integration in education is a complex and multidimensional issue. TPACK transcends the triad of core knowledge types and comprises the basis for the effective integration of technology into teaching. Therefore, the present study sought to understand...
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After the evaluation of numerous technology integration programs in school districts and universities, it is recognized that the existence of technology does not guarantee its utilization in the classroom environment. Although many models and theories have tried to explain the contributing factors in technology acceptance, most of the models and theories have focused on technology-related factors. This study focused on educational ideology, a factor not related to technology that also affects decisions in t...
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Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework proposes that effective teaching with technology requires combination of content, technology and pedagogy, and emphasizes the relationships, connections, strengths and weaknesses between and among these components. Following a quantitative multiplecase study approach, the purpose of this research is to test the effectiveness of an instructional design named “Theory – Application – Practice (TAP)” for improving science teachers’ TPACK competencies...
Citation Formats
R. Scherer, J. Tondeur, F. Siddiq, and E. Baran, “The importance of attitudes toward technology for pre-service teachers’ technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge: Comparing structural equation modeling approaches,” COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR, pp. 67–80, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: