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VARIATION OF THE LATTICE-PARAMETERS OF A BI-BASED SUPERCONDUCTOR WITH TEMPERATURE

1994-12-01
HAMDAN, NM
OZKAN, H
ZIQ, KA
ALBIS, BA
Variation of the lattice parameters and thermal expansion coefficients of Bi-2223 superconductor have been measured from room temperature up to the melting point using X-ray diffraction. The lattice parameters (a and c) gradually increase up to about 250 degrees C. Between 250 degrees C to 450 degrees C the variation of the lattice parameters are quite anomalous, in that a remains almost constant while c decreases. From 450 degrees C to 600 degrees C both parameters gradually increase. Above 650 degrees C the structure of Bi-2223 becomes unstable. The initial thermal expansion coefficient along the c-axis is about four times that along the a-axis. Similar large anisotropy has also been observed in the measurements of the stress of Bi-2223.