Internet of Things (IoT) Considerations, Requirements, and Architectures for Disaster Management System

Ali, Kamran
Nguyen, Huan X.
Shah, Purav
Vien, Quoc-Tuan
Ever, Enver
In recent decades, serious natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, and forest fire have occurred with catastrophic consequences. To minimize the loss of lives and damages in the aftermath of a disaster, it is important that rescuers are able to track the trapped victims and perform synchronized relief efforts immediately. The traditional telecommunication systems (e.g. a landline or cellular network) may be either partially or completely damaged by a disaster incident. Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the promising technologies that can be employed to aid in the aftermath of various types of disasters. IoT is the network of physical objects that contain embedded technology to communicate, sense, and interact with their internal or the external environment. The smart devices involved are responsible for connectivity, computing, collection, and convergence with other devices and networks. Recently, IoT paradigm has opened a promising door toward multiple problems related to network operators in the design of upcoming 5G wireless network, where stringent performance requirements in terms of data rate, reliability, and low latency are to be met. The deployment of IoT-based systems also allows the existing technologies to be more efficient, robust, secure, and resilient, and with all these promising features, IoT is a very good candidate to be used in the concept of public safety networks. In this context, device-to-device (D2D) communications represent a key enabling technology, which offers key benefits for future disaster management system (DMS) scenarios. This study proposes edge-based IoT applications which rely on D2D transmissions between the IoT devices in the presence of mobile users. In particular, when the coverage of neighbouring cellular edge nodes is used together with D2D communications, significant improvements can be expected in terms of the energy efficiency of the overall network.


Estimation of dynamic soil properties and soil amplification ratios with alternative techniques
Şişman, Fatma Nurten; Askan Gündoğan, Ayşegül; Özacar, Atilla Arda; Department of Earthquake Studies (2013)
Earthquakes are among the most destructive natural disasters affecting urban populations. Structural damage caused by the earthquakes varies depending not only on the seismic source and propagation properties but also on the soil properties. The amplitude and frequency content of seismic shear waves reaching the earth’s surface is dependent on local soil conditions. It is well known that the soft sediments on top of hard bedrock can greatly amplify the ground motion and cause severe structural damage. When ...
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Bozkurt, Okan Çağrı; Merzi, Nuri; Akyürek, Sevda Zuhal; Department of Civil Engineering (2013)
Floods are one of the most important natural disasters regarding damages caused by them. Major reasons of huge damages of floods are unplanned urbanization, narrowing of river beds and incorrect operation of water control structures. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can provide important tools to be used in flood modeling studies. In this study, Lake Mogan, Lake Eymir and İncesu Detention Pond subbasins are studied for flooding events within GIS framework. These subbasins are important catchment areas o...
Computer code development for numerical solution of depth integrated shallow water equations to study flood waves
İşcen, Behiye Nilay; Aydın, İsmail; Department of Civil Engineering (2015)
Floods are the most common natural risks to human beings because the most populated areas in the world are vulnerable to flood disasters. Floods are likely to become increasingly severe and more frequent due to climate change, population growth, change of land use, irrigation, deforestation and urban development inside the flood plains. Inundation risk assessment primarily requires numerical solution to a mathematical model, which appropriately describes hydraulics of flood waves over terrains including nat...
Assessment of inland tsunami parameters and their effects on morphology /
Pamuk, Aykut; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet; Department of Civil Engineering (2014)
Recent tsunami events clearly showed the potential of massive destruction on buildings, infrastructure, coastal protection structures and also morphological changes by tsunami waves. This thesis covers investigation of tsunami motion at inundation zone considering different factors (smoothed ground without buildings, or with buildings), and related changes of inland tsunami parameters and their effects on morphology. For the applications, the simulations have been performed using different topographic condi...
Relationships between felt intensity and instrumental ground motion parameters for Turkey
Bilal, Mustafa; Askan Gündoğan, Ayşegül; Department of Civil Engineering (2013)
Earthquakes are among natural disasters with significant damage potential; however it is possible to reduce the losses by taking several remedies. Reduction of seismic losses starts with identifying and estimating the expected damage to some accuracy. Since both the design styles and the construction defects exhibit mostly local properties all over the world, damage estimations should be performed at regional levels. Another important issue in disaster mitigation is to determine a robust measure of ground m...
Citation Formats
K. Ali, H. X. Nguyen, P. Shah, Q.-T. Vien, and E. Ever, “Internet of Things (IoT) Considerations, Requirements, and Architectures for Disaster Management System,” PERFORMABILITY IN INTERNET OF THINGS, pp. 111–125, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: