Conservation Focus on Europe: Major Conservation Policy Issues That Need to Be Informed by Conservation Science

Pullin, Andrew S.
Baldi, Andras
Can, Ozgun Emre
Dieterich, Martin
Kati, Vassiliki
Livoreil, Barbara
Lovei, Gabor
Mihok, Barbara
Nevin, Owen
Selva, Nuria
Sousa-Pinto, Isabel
Europe is one of the world's most densely populated continents and has a long history of human-dominated land- and seascapes. Europe is also at the forefront of developing and implementing multinational conservation efforts. In this contribution, we describe some top policy issues in Europe that need to be informed by high-quality conservation science. These include evaluation of the effectiveness of the Natura 2000 network of protected sites, implications of rapid economic and subsequent land- use change in Central and Eastern Europe, conservation of marine biodiversity and sustainability of fisheries, the effect of climate change on movement of species in highly fragmented landscapes, and attempts to assess the economic value of ecosystem services and biodiversity. Broad policy issues such as those identified are not easily amenable to scientific experiment. A key challenge at the science-policy interface is to identify the research questions underlying these problem areas so that conservation science can provide evidence to underpin future policy development.


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The Mediterranean Sea is characterized by rich biodiversity, and its region hosts people living in several countries with a rich variety of cultures, but - at the same time - it is "under siege", due to anthropogenic pressures. To address these pressures, many actions are needed aiming, among others, at establishing Ocean Literacy (OL) across the Mediterranean countries and preparing the future generation of Mediterranean Sea-literate citizens. Towards this aim, the present cross-national study investigated...
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Scandinavia was one of the last geographic areas in Europe to become habitable for humans after the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). However, the routes and genetic composition of these postglacial migrants remain unclear. We sequenced the genomes, up to 57x coverage, of seven hunter-gatherers excavated across Scandinavia and dated from 9,500-6,000 years before present (BP). Surprisingly, among the Scandinavian Mesolithic individuals, the genetic data display an east-west genetic gradient that opposes the patter...
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Citation Formats
A. S. Pullin et al., “Conservation Focus on Europe: Major Conservation Policy Issues That Need to Be Informed by Conservation Science,” CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, pp. 818–824, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: