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Parenting practices and prosocial behaviors of children and adolescents: the moderating role of temperament

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2020-10-15
Kıyak, Beril
The current study aimed to investigate age differences in prosocial behaviors of Turkish children and adolescents, and to investigate the relationships between parenting practices (parental warmth, inductive reasoning, and psychological control) and prosocial behaviors. In addition, moderating roles of temperamental characteristics (negative affect and sensory processing sensitivity) in these relationships were investigated separately. This study was conducted as part of a nation-wide project funded by TUBITAK, and 478 children and adolescents attending formal education ranging from 3rd grade to 11th grade and their mothers participated in the study. Parenting practices, prosocial behavior, and temperamental characteristics of children and adolescents were assessed by different questionnaires. Firstly, a one-way ANOVA was run to investigate the age differences. Then, two hierarchical regression analyses were run for the purpose of investigating the moderating role of temperamental characteristics in the relationships between parenting practices and prosocial behavior. The results indicated that parenting practices were not related to prosocial behavior. Moreover, although temperamental characteristics did not have a moderating role in these relationships, both of them v were associated with prosocial behavior. Findings of the study, contributions, limitations, and future suggestions were discussed in terms of the relevant literature.