Fiziksel aktivite davranışı geliştirmede etkili öğretim stratejileri problemi belirler kanıta dayalı uygun modeli seç ve uygula

2014-01-01
İnce, Mustafa Levent
Müftüler, Mine
Bu derlemenin amacı, sağlık için fiziksel aktivite davranışı geliştirmede etkili öğretim stratejilerini araştırma bulgularına dayalı olarak tartışmaktır. Fiziksel aktivite davranışı geliştirmeyi amaçlayan eğitim ortamlarında başarıyı düşüren en önemli güncel sorunlar eğitimin (a) bireysel ihtiyaçlara özgü olmaması, (b) serbest zaman fiziksel aktivite katılımını desteklememesi ve (c) bireyin özellikleri, sosyal çevre, fiziksel çevre ve ilgili politikalar arasında uyum gözetilerek hazırlanmamasıdır. Araştırmalar, bu sorunları gidermede transteorik (trans-theoretical), bağlamlararası (trans-contextual) ve sosyo-ekolojik (social-ecologic) modellere dayalı öğretim stratejilerinin yararlı olacağını göstermektedir. Transteorik model, bireyin bulunduğu fiziksel aktivite basamağına göre kişiye özgü kullanılması uygun olan güdüleme ve öğretim stratejilerini sunmaktadır. Bağlamlararası model, serbest zaman fiziksel aktivite düzeyini artırmak için bireylere verilen fiziksel aktivite eğitiminin nasıl yapılandırılması gerektiğini açıklamaktadır. Sosyo-ekolojik model ise, verilen eğitimin bireyin özellikleri, yaşadığı sosyal çevre, fiziksel çevre ve ilgili politikalarla nasıl uyumlandırılabileceği ile ilgili olarak yol göstericidir. Araştırma bulgularına dayanarak, fiziksel aktivite davranışı geliştirme konusunda çalışan uzman ve eğitmenlerin, eğitim verdikleri bireylerin ihtiyaçlarını belirledikten sonra, eğitim amaçlarına uygun modeli/modelleri seçerek, eğitim ortamı hazırlamaları ve uygulamaları önerilir.
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Citation Formats
M. L. İnce and M. Müftüler, “Fiziksel aktivite davranışı geliştirmede etkili öğretim stratejileri problemi belirler kanıta dayalı uygun modeli seç ve uygula,” Toplum ve Hekim, pp. 356–365, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/71031.