Comparison of European and USA Based Construction Contracts and Understanding the Cultural Differences in Contract Bodies

After increase in efforts in science and technology during the 20th century, cultural memory that a nation or civilization take benefits on daily practices solidified as civil institutions and get started a standard way of agreements in between project participants. There are two initial implications and thus two different approaches of standard contracts published in USA and UK by American Institutes of Architects (AIA) and Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE). Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry widely take benefits from these standard versions of contracts. These efforts are supported by some technological solutions at late of 20th century by involvement of digital design and drafting tools and internet. Later, these solutions are provided by development and introduction of Building Information Modelling (BIM) to AEC industry, which is totally in conflict with traditional contract bodies. On the other hand, although BIM provide various benefits and try to integrate all disciplines and project participants in a project life-cycle, there is still differences in standard way of contracts and contract addendums in published BIM protocols in USA and UK. In this study, it is aimed to uncover compliance of these released contracts and protocols with AEC industry needs.
5th international Project and Construction Management Conference (IPCMC2018)


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Citation Formats
R. Sarı, M. K. Pekeriçli, and A. M. Tanyer, “Comparison of European and USA Based Construction Contracts and Understanding the Cultural Differences in Contract Bodies,” presented at the 5th international Project and Construction Management Conference (IPCMC2018), Kıbrıs, Türkiye, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: