Çıtak Aytürk, Zana Ayşe (Jo Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016-01-01)
nationalisms that struck the Ottoman empire in the nineteenth century and in competition with other approaches such as Ottomanism and Islamism. Whether Turkish nationalism is civic or ethnic has long been debated. Given the many contradictions it displays, it is perhaps best to define it as an ambivalent type. Since the 1990s, Turkish nationalism has been challenged by identity politics, bringing to the fore particularly Islamist, Kurdish, and Alevi demands for recognition.
Tüker, Çetin; Yılmaz, Erdal; Çağıltay, Kürşat (MIT Press, 2015-01-01)
Kondakçı, Yaşar; AYDIN, CENGİZ HAKAN (2019-01-01)
This chapter provides an overview on the organization and practice of open and distance learning (ODL) in the context of higher education in Turkey with regard to its historical, legal, organizational and social context and role. Also addressing current student enrolments in ODL and touching upon its major institutions, this overview closes with a brief discussion on future perspectives for ODL in Turkey. It needs to be noted that a main line of differentiation occurs between open and distance education due...
Gökalp, Gökçe (Routledge, London/New York , 2022-12-01)
In Turkey, the national policy framework for doctoral examination is set out in the doctoral education section of the Graduate Education Regulations of the Council of Higher Education based on Higher Education Law number 2547. According to the regulations, the award of the doctoral degree involves completing course work, passing the qualifying exam, submitting the thesis, and successfully passing the oral examination. Recently, some universities introduced an additional requirement to have a published artic...
Yıldırım, İbrahim Soner (2019-01-01)
New possibilities offered through the Internet and other technologies have become a challenge for higher education institutions, yet providing brand new opportunities for learners. In the mid-2000s, many traditional universities in Turkey made initial efforts to integrate online education modules in response to the needs of geographically dispersed students with a different profile from traditional students, offering them multi-dimensional interaction opportunities between and among others learners and inst...
Citation Formats
F. Ergut, Turkey. 2010, p. 114.