nationalisms that struck the Ottoman empire in the nineteenth century and in competition with other approaches such as Ottomanism and Islamism. Whether Turkish nationalism is civic or ethnic has long been debated. Given the many contradictions it displays, it is perhaps best to define it as an ambivalent type. Since the 1990s, Turkish nationalism has been challenged by identity politics, bringing to the fore particularly Islamist, Kurdish, and Alevi demands for recognition.


Turkish sociology in a sociology of knowledge perspective : the double-bind of survival/identity
Mühürdaroğlu, Anıl; Tokluoğlu, Ayşe Ceylan; Department of Sociology (2014)
Ottoman-Turkish modernization discourse is structured on the bases of a double-bind between survival and identity which had emerged as a result of the belief that a break had taken place in the Ottoman Empire in the unity between the methods of governing and the qualities with which Ottomans defined themselves. Debates on the disruption of this unity had been conducted in a period when linear conception of history became the predominant framework for understanding historical processes. As a result, categori...
Turkey’s foreign policy towards Kazakhstan in the post-soviet period
Dastan, Almen; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Middle East Studies (2013)
This thesis is concerned with the policies and strategies of Turkey as a regional power. In this context, the main purpose of the thesis is to locate Turkey’s role in the system of regional relations and to analyze its level of influence in Kazakhstan. This thesis starts with a discussion of the origins and the historical analysis of Turkey’s presence in Central Asia starting from the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and finishing with the end of the Cold War. A particular attention is paid to the bilatera...
The effects of tanzimat and origins of political conflict between the Armenian and Kurdish communities in the Ottoman Empire, 1839-1876
Özdemir, Fatih; Boztemur, Recep; Department of History (2006)
This thesis, depending on some Ottoman archival documents, examines the effects of the Tanzimat reforms on the Ottoman Armenians and Kurds and the origins of the conflicts amongst these communities in the Ottoman Empire. The reforms initiated in the Tanzimat era had such a transformative effect both on the Ottoman Armenian and Kurdish societies that social, political and economic structures of the two communities changed radically. Due to the effects of the Tanzimat reforms and of these structural changes, ...
Three Ottoman Pashas at the Congress of Berlin, 1878
Wasti, Syed Tanvir (2016-01-01)
In the weakened Ottoman Empire of the nineteenth century, revolts in the Balkans and subsequent Russian intervention led to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 which resulted in a great loss of Ottoman territory and population in the European part of the Empire. After the ceasefire at Edirne in January 1878 and the signing of the Treaty of San Stefano in March 1878, the Congress of Berlin was convened in June 1878 in order to achieve a political settlement. High-level plenipotentiaries of the main European Powers...
The implementation of the Ottoman land code of 1858 in eastern Anatolia
Gözel, Oya; Boztemur, Recep; Department of History (2007)
The nineteenth century was an era that great centralization and codification attempts were realized in the Ottoman Empire. One of these attempts was the Ottoman Land Code of 1858, which put various land regulations throughout the empire into a standard code. But this standard Code gave different results when applied to different regions which had their own characteristic features. Eastern Anatolia, which had an autonomous position since its incorporation to the Ottoman Empire, was also in the scope of the L...
Citation Formats
Z. A. Çıtak Aytürk, Turkey . 2016.