Tsunami Dynamics, Forecasting, and Mitigation

Tsunamis had been earlier believed as extremely rare events, yet about one event per year has been reported in the past two decades, making them a more common extreme hazard. After the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the need for substantial improvements in tsunami real-time and long-term forecasting capabilities, education, and development of tsunami-resilient communities became evident. Thereafter, there were substantial advances in tsunami science, i.e., significant advancements in warning methodologies, predisaster preparedness, and basic understanding of related phenomena. The 2011 Japan tsunami, broadcasted live to a stunned world audience, underscored the difficulties of implementing theoretical advances in applied hazard mitigation. Japan is possibly the most tsunami-ready nation on the Earth. Nonetheless, the size of the 2011 earthquake was largely unexpected and, in many instances, the floods penetrated several times the distances that had been anticipated in pre-event planning. Three years later, Japan is still recovering. A need exists for acquainting the broader scientific community on advances in prediction and mitigation in hopes that applied disaster preparedness improves


Tsunamis bridging science engineering and society
Kanoğlu, Utku; Bernard, Eddıe; Synolakıs, Costas (null; 2015-06-22)
There have been significant advances in tsunami science since the devastating 2004 Boxing Day tsunami. Yet, the 2011 Japan tsunami dramatically demonstrated that tsunamis continue to avoidably take lives and cause significant damage. Broadcasted live to a stunned world audience, the trail of destruction in 2011 in probably most tsunami ready nation underscores the difficulties of implementing practical advances in hazard mitigation. The Philosophical Transactions A theme issue entitled ‘Tsunamis: Bridging ...
Tsunami risk assesment and positioning of a tsunami early warning system
Yavuz, Cüneyt; Kentel Erdoğan, Elçin; Aral, Mustafa M.; Department of Civil Engineering (2018)
Tsunamis are rarely experienced events; they have enormous potential to cause large economic destruction on the critical infrastructures and facilities, social devastation due to mass casualty, and environmental adverse effects like erosion, accumulation and inundation. Especially for the past two decades, nations have encountered devastating tsunami events. The aim of this study is to investigate economic, social and environmental risks along the coastline for Eastern Mediterranean due to tsunamis. Additio...
Risk Assessment and Design of Prevention Structures for Enhanced Tsunami Disaster Resilience (RAPSODI)/Euro-Japan Collaboration
Harbitz, C. B.; Nakamura, Y.; Arikawa, T.; Baykal, Cüneyt; Dogan, G. G.; Frauenfelder, R.; Glimsdal, S.; GÜLER, HASAN GÖKHAN; Issler, D.; Kaiser, G.; Kanoğlu, Utku; KISACIK, DOĞAN; Kortenhaus, A.; Lovholt, F.; Maruyama, Y.; Sassa, S.; Sharghivand, N.; Strusinska-Correia, A.; Özyurt Tarakcıoğlu, Gülizar; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet (2016-12-01)
The 2011 Tohoku event showed the massive destruction potential of tsunamis. The Euro-Japan "Risk assessment and design of prevention structures for enhanced tsunami disaster resilience (RAPSODI)" project aimed at using data from the event to evaluate tsunami mitigation strategies and to validate a framework for a quantitative tsunami mortality risk analysis. Coastal structures and mitigation strategies against tsunamis in Europe and Japan are compared. Failure mechanisms of coastal protection structures exp...
Tsunami action on coasts and constructions
Tsunamis are high-impact, long-lasting disasters, which in most cases allow for only a few minutes of warning before impact. The amount of energy behind huge tsunami waves can cause severe destruction when it hits land and consequently causes massive loss of human life. The impact of tsunami can be considered in social, environmental, and economic dimensions. The social impact can be seen in destruction of life and property, health crisis and disease. Tsunamis may cause massive environmentally impact by dev...
Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in the Marmara Region and Disaster Education in Turkey
Kaneda, Yoshiyuki; Özener, Haluk; Meral Özel, Nurcan; Kalafat, Doğan; Çitak, Seçkin; Takane, Hori; Mueno, Hori; Pınar, Ali; Özel, Asım Oğuz; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet; Tanırcan, Gülüm (2018-04-15)
There have been many destructive earthquakes and tsunamis in the world.The recent events are, 2011 East Japan Earthquake/Tsunami in Japan, 2015 Nepal Earthquake and 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake in Japan, and so on. And very recently a destructive earthquake occurred in Central Italy. In Turkey, the 1999 Izmit Earthquake as the destructive earthquake occurred along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF). The NAF crosses the Sea of Marmara and the only “seismic gap” remains beneath the Sea of Marmara. Istanbul with high...
Citation Formats
U. Kanoğlu, Tsunami Dynamics, Forecasting, and Mitigation. 2015, p. 58.