Tsunami Dynamics, Forecasting, and Mitigation

2015-01-01
Tsunamis had been earlier believed as extremely rare events, yet about one event per year has been reported in the past two decades, making them a more common extreme hazard. After the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the need for substantial improvements in tsunami real-time and long-term forecasting capabilities, education, and development of tsunami-resilient communities became evident. Thereafter, there were substantial advances in tsunami science, i.e., significant advancements in warning methodologies, predisaster preparedness, and basic understanding of related phenomena. The 2011 Japan tsunami, broadcasted live to a stunned world audience, underscored the difficulties of implementing theoretical advances in applied hazard mitigation. Japan is possibly the most tsunami-ready nation on the Earth. Nonetheless, the size of the 2011 earthquake was largely unexpected and, in many instances, the floods penetrated several times the distances that had been anticipated in pre-event planning. Three years later, Japan is still recovering. A need exists for acquainting the broader scientific community on advances in prediction and mitigation in hopes that applied disaster preparedness improves

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Citation Formats
U. Kanoğlu, Tsunami Dynamics, Forecasting, and Mitigation. 2015, p. 58.