Tsunamis bridging science engineering and society

Kanoğlu, Utku
Bernard, Eddıe
Synolakıs, Costas
There have been significant advances in tsunami science since the devastating 2004 Boxing Day tsunami. Yet, the 2011 Japan tsunami dramatically demonstrated that tsunamis continue to avoidably take lives and cause significant damage. Broadcasted live to a stunned world audience, the trail of destruction in 2011 in probably most tsunami ready nation underscores the difficulties of implementing practical advances in hazard mitigation. The Philosophical Transactions A theme issue entitled ‘Tsunamis: Bridging Science, Engineering and Society’ examines lessons learnt from tsunamis over the last ten years, describes recent advances and state-of-the-art methodologies, outlined standards for warnings and design of critical structures, identifies vexing cross-disciplinary challenges and showstoppers. Mitigating tsunami impacts is a global problem and every nation needs to adopt best practices, ensuring the adoption of global standards and warnings, so everyone understands how to respond regardless of where they are. Global technical standards and uniform warnings are the best way to transfer tsunami science into society. The Fukushima accident is an unfortunate example, where had existing published guidelines been adopted in the reassessment of its safety done in 2010; the impact might have been avoided. We present the summary and key findings of these multi-disciplinary studies that focus on coastal resilience, thus hopefully, reducing future losses and saving lives.


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In 2011, Japan was hit by a tsunami that was generated by the greatest earthquake in its history. The first tsunami warning was announced 3 min after the earthquake, as is normal, but failed to estimate the actual tsunami height. Most of the structural countermeasures were not designed for the huge tsunami that was generated by the magnitude M = 9.0 earthquake; as a result, many were destroyed and did not stop the tsunami. These structures included breakwaters, seawalls, water gates, and control forests. In...
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Tsunamis are high-impact, long-lasting disasters, which in most cases allow for only a few minutes of warning before impact. The amount of energy behind huge tsunami waves can cause severe destruction when it hits land and consequently causes massive loss of human life. The impact of tsunami can be considered in social, environmental, and economic dimensions. The social impact can be seen in destruction of life and property, health crisis and disease. Tsunamis may cause massive environmentally impact by dev...
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Kaneda, Yoshiyuki; Özener, Haluk; Meral Özel, Nurcan; Kalafat, Doğan; Çitak, Seçkin; Takane, Hori; Mueno, Hori; Pınar, Ali; Özel, Asım Oğuz; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet; Tanırcan, Gülüm (2018-04-15)
There have been many destructive earthquakes and tsunamis in the world.The recent events are, 2011 East Japan Earthquake/Tsunami in Japan, 2015 Nepal Earthquake and 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake in Japan, and so on. And very recently a destructive earthquake occurred in Central Italy. In Turkey, the 1999 Izmit Earthquake as the destructive earthquake occurred along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF). The NAF crosses the Sea of Marmara and the only “seismic gap” remains beneath the Sea of Marmara. Istanbul with high...
Citation Formats
U. Kanoğlu, E. Bernard, and C. Synolakıs, “Tsunamis bridging science engineering and society,” presented at the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (22 Haziran - 02 Temmuz 2015), Prag, Çek Cumhuriyeti, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.czech-in.org/cm/IUGG/CM.NET.WebUI/CM.NET.WEBUI.scpr/SCPRfunctiondetail.aspx?confID=05000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000053&sesID=05000000-0000-0000-0000-000000002426&absID=07000000-0000-0000-0000-000000026283.