Brutalism and METU Department of Architecture Building in Ankara

2012-01-01
The authors of this paper present the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara and especially the Department of Architecture Building. The building designed by Turkish architects Altug and Behruz Cinici is an excellent example of brutalist style, which spread all over the world in the 1960s. Additionally, brutalist aesthetics was considered to be the most proper for university buildings in those years. METU Department of Architecture was the first building in Turkey presenting such character. In its architectural form, being still almost in pristine state, there are visible many solutions typical of brutalism, such as: strong articulation of solids composed in an orthogonal geometry; the use of raw buildings materials - particularly exposed concrete with the imprint of the wooden formwork; repetitive elements creating rhythms on facades; concrete sun-breakers, gargoyles and cornices. Altug and Behruz Cinici were also inspired by local architecture and that's why the building is brutalist but also "traditional". 2011 was the 50th anniversary of the competition for the Department of Architecture Building. Furthermore the architect, the patron (rector) and the landscape designer of the campus all passed away that year. Hence this paper has a historical significance.
ACEE Architecture Civil Engineering Environment

Suggestions

COGNITIVE CURATION: THE METU CAMPUS AS A DISPLAY OBJECT
ERKOÇ, DAMLA NUR; Savaş Sargın, Ayşen; Department of Architecture (2022-2-11)
The aim of this study is to present a contemporary approach to the process of archiving, preserving, and displaying the architecture of the campus of Middle East Technical University. Considering the process as a form of reproduction of architecture, the methodological term “cognitive curation” is introduced. As the term itself suggests, cognitive curation blends architecture with concepts borrowed from both cognitive and curatorial studies. While cognitive studies help to interpret the architectural ideas ...
Dialectical urbanism: Tactical instruments in urban design education
Sargın, Güven Arif; Savaş Sargın, Ayşen (2012-12-01)
For the last decade, the Advanced Architectural Research Studio at the Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University of Ankara, has concentrated its efforts on different cities in order to question their underlying problems, from social to physical; and to search for alternative urban design solutions. Relied on the premises of the theory of dialectical urbanism, two terms, "context" and "programme," have been revisited in order to decipher the complexity of alternative urbanizations, in whic...
Building structure design as an integral part of architecture: A teaching model for students of architecture
Uenay, Ali Ihsan; Oezmen, Cengiz (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-09-01)
This paper explores the place of structural design within undergraduate architectural education. The role and format of lecture-based structure courses within an education system, organized around the architectural design studio is discussed with its most prominent problems and proposed solutions. The fundamental concept of the current teaching model in the Middle East Technical University (Ankara, Turkey) is quite appropriate for the education of future architects. If we consider that the main occupation o...
REPRESENTATION AND HISTORIOGRAPHY IN MODERN TURKISH ARCHITECTURE (1984)
Yakupoğlu, Gizem; Özkaya, Ayşe Belgin; İmamoğlu, Bilge; Department of History of Architecture (2021-8)
Modern Turkish Architecture (1984) is one of the first publications to evaluate the development of architecture in Turkey by relating it to the contexts within which architectural works were produced. The book, covering a broad timeline of architectural production between the final years of the Ottoman Empire and the 1980s, has a historiographical significance, in addition to its continuing importance in education and academic studies. Modern Turkish Architecture (1984) is the outcome of a photographic exhi...
Displaying abroad: Architecture and town planning exhibitions of Britain in Turkey in the mid-1940s
Altan, Tomris Elvan (2014-03-01)
This paper focuses on two exhibitions of architecture and town planning held by Britain in Turkey in the mid-1940s. The use of these exhibitions for propaganda purposes, as well as their reception in the highly politicized context of World War II, requires the study to emphasize the political as well as the professional perspective of the contemporary architectural context. Analyzing why and how these exhibitions were held, and what they displayed as representative of British architecture and town planning,...
Citation Formats
M. H. Zelef, “Brutalism and METU Department of Architecture Building in Ankara,” ACEE Architecture Civil Engineering Environment, pp. 21–31, 2012, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/79609.