Integration of Fire Vulnerability and Indoor Localization in Built Environments

In terms of building safety, various standards and regulations effect the formal decisions of building components besides aesthetic concerns. These effects can be perceived as restrictions for the creative basis of architecture that shape the buildings from the beginning by architects, thus they may be hesitant to building safety-related researches. This idea originates from conventional and invalid regulations with deterministic approaches that are accepted as decisive currently. As opposed to deterministic and single parameter approach of regulations, performance based design aims to test building performance as a whole. The increase in complexity of building systems, diversity in building performance inputs and occupant activities bring out interoperability of building multi variables. Therefore, there is a need of quick-response evaluation methods based on the decision-maker’s intuition, judgement, and experience. Performance based vulnerability analysis model is developed to detect weakness of fire safety performance of building components from preliminary design level in order to get protection measures in time. Concordantly, indoor localization systems have wide area of use in construction market including building occupant detection, automatic property tracking, facility maintenance support and occupant guidance during building emergency response. These fields of applications overlap with egress route evaluation and performance based guidance systems. In this study, the collection of real-time and cumulative location data by using indoor localization technologies on egress route design parameters and potential uses of that data for occupant guidance in case of emergency are examined. Localization of building occupants correctly and guidance of them by using the fastest and the safest egress route based on vulnerability analysis is intended. In addition, by designating the occupant position in building, minimizing the evacuation time and injury cases is aimed.


Yapılı Çevrede Yangın Kırılganlığı ile Konum Belirleme Teknolojilerinin Birleştirilmesi
Kızılkaya Öksüz, Nilüfer; Tanyer, Ali Murat; Pekeriçli, Mehmet Koray (2017-06-15)
Yapı güvenliği konusunda, yapı elemanlarının detaylarının biçimsel kararlarında, estetik kaygıların yanı sıra çeşitli standartların ve yönetmeliklerin de etkisi vardır. Mimarlar bu türden etkileri, tasarım süreci başlamadan yapıyı şekillendiren bir durum olarak algılamakta; bu durumu yaratıcı tasarım sürecine kısıtlayıcı etkenler olarak görmekte ve konu ile ilgili araştırmalara tereddütlü yaklaşmaktadırlar. Bu yaklaşım, dayanakları eskilere dayanan ve geçerliği kalmamış olan kuralların deterministik yaklaşı...
Fuzzy-based escape route fire-vulnerability assessment model for indoor built environment
Kızılkaya Öksüz, Nilüfer; Tanyer, Ali Murat; Pekeriçli, Mehmet Koray (2022-02-01)
Fire safety evaluation is rarely involved in the iterative building design process except for legislative approval phases compared to other building objectives. However, regardless of architectural design priorities, all buildings should have adequate fire protection. This research develops a fire vulnerability assessment model based on the impact of architects on fire protection and effects of building design characteristics on fire safety. Inherent to the uncertain nature of fire safety evaluation practic...
A Formal representation of building codes to facilitate BIM-based automated code-checking
Akbaş, Yiğit Semih; Akçamete Güngör, Aslı; Department of Civil Engineering (2019)
Building designs need to be checked against related building codes and regulations. This control is mainly a manual process done by government professionals. Therefore, it takes enormous amount of time and may lead to many errors. A more sophisticated system is required for checking building codes and regulations. Automated code-checking systems and tools can be used to aid this process with the help of Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools and these systems are started to be used for efficient design c...
Numerical assessment of tunnel advancement in problematic soil conditions: a case study
Güneş, Anıl; Çetin, Kemal Önder; Department of Civil Engineering (2021-1)
Modeling tunnel advancement in complex ground conditions requires significant engineering judgment and is an integral part of the design and construction of tunnels. Insufficient data and improper design procedures may lead to dramatic consequences. Realistic estimations of the ground behavior, displacements, and support pressures are possible with accurate numerical models. In this study, the advancement of Tunnel A93 is investigated by 1-D semi-empirical assessments and two-dimensional finite element anal...
Application of Artificial Neural Networks onBuilding Energy Estimation
Altun, Murat; Ersöz, Ahmet Bahaddin; Akçamete Güngör, Aslı; Pekcan, Onur (null; 2017-12-11)
Abstract -The decision makers in the building design stage need to give more importance for energy efficient solutions to improve the performance the building in its operational phase. In practice, they are expected to generate alternative designs in the early design stage and use complicated building simulation tools to estimate building energy use of these alternatives more accurately; however, this is a time-consuming procedure and it is difficult to evaluate different alternatives in the limited time of...
Citation Formats
N. Kızılkaya Öksüz, F. Topak, M. K. Pekeriçli, and A. M. Tanyer, “Integration of Fire Vulnerability and Indoor Localization in Built Environments,” presented at the Integration of Fire Vulnerability and Indoor Localization in Built Environments”, MSTAS 2017 - 11th Computatonal Design in Architecture Natonal Symposium, Türkiye, 14 - 15 Haziran 2017, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: