Integration of Fire Vulnerability and Indoor Localization in Built Environments

In terms of building safety, various standards and regulations effect the formal decisions of building components besides aesthetic concerns. These effects can be perceived as restrictions for the creative basis of architecture that shape the buildings from the beginning by architects, thus they may be hesitant to building safety-related researches. This idea originates from conventional and invalid regulations with deterministic approaches that are accepted as decisive currently. As opposed to deterministic and single parameter approach of regulations, performance based design aims to test building performance as a whole. The increase in complexity of building systems, diversity in building performance inputs and occupant activities bring out interoperability of building multi variables. Therefore, there is a need of quick-response evaluation methods based on the decision-maker’s intuition, judgement, and experience. Performance based vulnerability analysis model is developed to detect weakness of fire safety performance of building components from preliminary design level in order to get protection measures in time. Concordantly, indoor localization systems have wide area of use in construction market including building occupant detection, automatic property tracking, facility maintenance support and occupant guidance during building emergency response. These fields of applications overlap with egress route evaluation and performance based guidance systems. In this study, the collection of real-time and cumulative location data by using indoor localization technologies on egress route design parameters and potential uses of that data for occupant guidance in case of emergency are examined. Localization of building occupants correctly and guidance of them by using the fastest and the safest egress route based on vulnerability analysis is intended. In addition, by designating the occupant position in building, minimizing the evacuation time and injury cases is aimed.
Citation Formats
N. Kızılkaya Öksüz, F. Topak, M. K. Pekeriçli, and A. M. Tanyer, “Integration of Fire Vulnerability and Indoor Localization in Built Environments,” presented at the Integration of Fire Vulnerability and Indoor Localization in Built Environments”, MSTAS 2017 - 11th Computatonal Design in Architecture Natonal Symposium, Türkiye, 14 - 15 Haziran 2017, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: