Phaidon’da ruhun ölümsüzlüğü: karşıtların döngüselliği argümanı (70c-72a)

2020-10-01
Bu yazı, Phaidon diyaloğunda Sokrates’in ruhun ölümsüzlüğünü ispatlamak için öne sürdüğü argümanlardan biri olan Karşıtların Döngüselliği argümanını değerlendirmektedir. Argümanın merkez terimleri olan “yaşıyor olma” ve “ölü olma”nın argüman boyunca aldığı ya da alabileceği çeşitli anlamlar göz önüne alınarak dört itiraz öne sürülmektedir. Bu iki terimin alabileceği farklı anlamlar, öznenin “beden” ya da “ruh” olarak alınmasına göre farklılık göstermektedir. Yazıda, bu terimlerin alabileceği anlamların hiçbirinde Karşıtların Döngüselliği argümanının başarılı sayılamayacağı yani ruhun ölümsüzlüğünü ispatlayamadığı ileri sürülmüştür. Argümandaki temel sorun, ruhun yaşıyor olması ve ölü olmasının döngüselliğe izin veren bir karşıtlık oluşturacak şekilde kullanılamamasıdır.
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Citation Formats
R. Güremen, “Phaidon’da ruhun ölümsüzlüğü: karşıtların döngüselliği argümanı (70c-72a),” Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi, pp. 15–23, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kilikya/issue/57313/812179.