Behavior of traditional timber frames under reverse cyclic loading

Aktaş, Yasemin Didem
Akyüz, Uğurhan
Türer, Ahmet
Erdil, Barış
Şahin Güçhan, Neriman
Traditional timber frames in Turkey especially the ones in Safranbolu region consist of several configurations and several infill materials. The configurations include simple frames and braced frames. The infill materials include adobe, stone, brick or wood. Although the frames have a wide variety they do not have specific calculations and design rules. They were designed according to the knowledge and experience of the skilled workers. Therefore, the behaviour depends on workmanship too much. In this study two full scale timber frames of yellow pine and fir were prepared considering the abovementioned discussions. Each frame have the same geometry. They are both 3.3 m high and 3.6 m wide. They do not include any openings. Frames have nailed connections and prepared by the skilled workers. Tests were performed both on bare frames and frames with infills. The yellow pine frame had adobe infill whereas the fir one had wood laths nailed to the timber framing called "şamdolma". Results of the tests revealed that energy is dissipated at the connections especially at the nails on the base. The weakest element in all frames was the nailed connections. Both infills increased the strength.
Citation Formats
Y. D. Aktaş, U. Akyüz, A. Türer, B. Erdil, and N. Şahin Güçhan, “Behavior of traditional timber frames under reverse cyclic loading,” Sydney, Australia, 2015, p. 199, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: