Experience reflection modelling as a generative research method in an educational case for sustainable product design

A generative research method, namely Experience Reflection Modelling (ERM), has been developed aimed at helping students explore and reflect upon design considerations for sustainability in the idea generation phase of a design process. ERM has been integrated into a product design for sustainability project as part of the design education in the Department of Industrial Design at Middle East Technical University. This paper begins by providing an overview of the generative research approach, explaining its significance and implications for the design process. This will be followed by a presentation of the My Sustainable Mini Oven project, explaining the main design considerations (i.e., engaging design solutions, product maintenance and repair, and effective use of resources). Concurrently, it will present the tools and techniques involved in the ERM method (i.e., interviewing, three-dimensional modelling, and video recording and analysis techniques), its phases (i.e., preparation, session and analysis) and its implications for the development of sustainable design solutions. Finally, conclusions will be drawn and insights will be made into the further development of the ERM method.
International Journal of Sustainable Design


Integration of Generative Research and Sustainability into the Product Design and Development Process
Turhan, Senem; Doğan, Çağla (null; 2012-07-05)
To explore the relationships between the generative research and design for sustainability at the idea generation phase of the design process, a design research method that emerges from generative research approach “Experience Reflection Modeling” (ERM) has been developed and integrated into a design for sustainability project within the context of design education in the Department of Industrial Design at the Middle East Technical University (METU). The ERM method brings together 3D modelling, interview an...
Experience reflection modelling (ERM) as a generative research method and student engagement in product design at undergraduate level
Turhan, Senem; Doğan, Çağla; Department of Industrial Design (2013)
Research approaches driven by design thinking have the potential to bridge early stages of design process to idea generation phases in design education. Generative research is emerged from participatory approach which is used at early stages of design process aims to elicit user needs, experiences, expectations and preferences by using generative tools and techniques through helping non-designer participants express their thoughts, feelings, opinions effectively independent of their skills and abilities in ...
Transforming and prolonging design lifespans: design education cases for sustainability
Doğan, Çağla (2017-11-10)
This paper aims to present an approach focusing on design education for sustainability through providing two exemplary cases from third-year industrial design projects. The main themes explored in these projects involve personalization via design transformation, adaption and upgrading during design, use and post-use phases. The first project developed and facilitated at Carleton University, the School of Industrial Design mainly addresses the key theme of transformation of LED lighting from indoors to outdo...
Generative design research for sustainability: exemplary cases for the adaptation of the EC guide tool and the ERM method
Kulaksız, Mert; Güngör Boncukçu, Itır; Oğur, Dilruba; Paksoy, İsmail Yavuz; Turhan, Senem; Doğan, Çağla (null; 2017-11-03)
This paper presents the main process of a graduate course entitled ‘Generative Design Research for Sustainability’ offered in the Department of Industrial Design at Middle East Technical University in the spring semester of 2015/2016 through exemplary design research cases conducted by the graduate students at the doctoral level. These cases focus on the adaptation of the generative tool and the method, namely Experience Chart (EC) Guide tool (Kulaksız, 2016) and Experience Reflection Modelling (ERM) method...
Learning by doing in the age of design computation
Oezkar, Mine (2007-01-01)
A design teaching approach of integrating the notions of design thinking and computing in the first year of architectural design education is introduced and discussed. The approach aims to enhance and bring up-to-date the educational practice of "learning by doing" in the first year foundations curriculum. In the studied example, the analytical phases of thinking in a simple design task are systematically and visually recorded. This documentation is incorporated to the design process as a means for the stud...
Citation Formats
S. Turhan and Ç. Doğan, “Experience reflection modelling as a generative research method in an educational case for sustainable product design,” International Journal of Sustainable Design, pp. 297–314, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/87576.