Experience reflection modelling as a generative research method in an educational case for sustainable product design

A generative research method, namely Experience Reflection Modelling (ERM), has been developed aimed at helping students explore and reflect upon design considerations for sustainability in the idea generation phase of a design process. ERM has been integrated into a product design for sustainability project as part of the design education in the Department of Industrial Design at Middle East Technical University. This paper begins by providing an overview of the generative research approach, explaining its significance and implications for the design process. This will be followed by a presentation of the My Sustainable Mini Oven project, explaining the main design considerations (i.e., engaging design solutions, product maintenance and repair, and effective use of resources). Concurrently, it will present the tools and techniques involved in the ERM method (i.e., interviewing, three-dimensional modelling, and video recording and analysis techniques), its phases (i.e., preparation, session and analysis) and its implications for the development of sustainable design solutions. Finally, conclusions will be drawn and insights will be made into the further development of the ERM method.
International Journal of Sustainable Design


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To explore the relationships between the generative research and design for sustainability at the idea generation phase of the design process, a design research method that emerges from generative research approach “Experience Reflection Modeling” (ERM) has been developed and integrated into a design for sustainability project within the context of design education in the Department of Industrial Design at the Middle East Technical University (METU). The ERM method brings together 3D modelling, interview an...
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Research approaches driven by design thinking have the potential to bridge early stages of design process to idea generation phases in design education. Generative research is emerged from participatory approach which is used at early stages of design process aims to elicit user needs, experiences, expectations and preferences by using generative tools and techniques through helping non-designer participants express their thoughts, feelings, opinions effectively independent of their skills and abilities in ...
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Citation Formats
S. Turhan and Ç. Doğan, “Experience reflection modelling as a generative research method in an educational case for sustainable product design,” International Journal of Sustainable Design, pp. 297–314, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/87576.