Design of a vision-based three-axis attitude estimation algorithm for small satellites

Download
2021-2-8
Güzel, Mehmet Burak
Equipment and budget limitations of satellite missions encourages researchers to use on-board equipment for multiple tasks. Camera stands out as an ideal equipment that can be used for multiple purposes in satellites making Earth observation. In this thesis, an attitude estimation algorithm is designed to aid the coarse attitude estimates with the attitude information obtained from Earth images. Attitude information is extracted from Earth images according to perspective geometry laws. This estimated attitude is fed into a multiplicative extended Kalman filter (MEKF). Coarse attitude information is obtained by pre-processing magnetometer and sun sensor measurements within the QUEST algorithm and also used in the measurement update process of the filter to ensure the sustainability of the attitude estimates. The algorithm is tested for a hypothetical nano satellite in different scenarios depending on the availability of Earth images at different times.
Citation Formats
M. B. Güzel, “Design of a vision-based three-axis attitude estimation algorithm for small satellites,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.