Opportunities and barriers for the application of solar heat for industrial processes technologies to Turkish industrial parks

Akdemir, Sevgi Deniz
Establishing alternative energy sources is one of Turkey's main goals, as stated by the Eleventh Development Plan (2019-2023). Therefore, understanding the possibility of applying such options is a need in the field. The thesis focuses on identifying the non-technical barriers and solar heat opportunities for industrial processes (SHIP) in Turkish industrial parks (IP). The thesis is expressly framed to support the definition of a European Common Research and Innovation Agenda (ECRIA) on SHIP as part of the European Horizon 2020 project Integrating National Research Agendas on Solar Heat for Industrial Processes (INSHIP). Firstly, the renewable energy (RE) technology potentials and the RE political and regulatory framework of Turkey is summarised. After setting the background, the research continues with two methods of field research in the Kayseri IP. By looking at the current prosumer models, driving, and the barriers to adopting SHIP technologies are examined. These factors feed into a discussion on what is required for prosumer models to increase and be sustainable in the long term. Therefore, they aim to generate a more robust policy discussion on future prosumer models for SHIP technology. The objective is to use the prosumer expertise in developing, producing, and applying SHIP technologies to drive growth in Turkey's renewable energy capacities and markets, and be a major supplier for these domestic and export SHIP markets. In the existing situation, the most popular project is PV rooftop systems with Feed-in-tariff (FiT) for prosumer in the IP. The thesis results show that the lead investor created a virtuous cycle and synergy, whereby word-of-mouth marketing by existing investors can complement and amplify the governmental investment promotion activity. According to the collected data set, incentives and financial support are top drivers for industries' self-production and consumption choice. Industries are interested in solar thermal energy for their heating and cooling demand. They have a desire to be energy self-sufficient and have a secure energy supply. However, the identified barriers, such as lack of clear policy and regulatory framework, lack of awareness about SHIP technologies, inhibit the deployment of solar thermal usage in the IP. To sum up, the outcomes indicate that the potential of SHIP exists and requires enterprises willing to take a step forward and move into a potentially innovative industry. By taking into account barriers and opportunities, there is an opportunity for the government to promote the growth of industrial prosumers and deployment of SHIP technology. On the whole, solar thermal offers a win-win approach for companies and also governments to boost their industry and at the same time contributing to both decarbonisation of the energy sector and sustainable development by bringing clean energy sources into their power supply while meeting heating and cooling needs.
Citation Formats
S. D. Akdemir, “Opportunities and barriers for the application of solar heat for industrial processes technologies to Turkish industrial parks,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.