Man to Man: Understanding Hegemonic Masculinity in Turkey through Homosocial Interactions

Yunusoğlu, Enver
The aim of the current study is to understand hegemonic masculinity in Turkey by examining homosocial interactions between men. In order to better capture how male-male interactions contribute to hegemonic masculinity, I attempted to conduct a qualitative research based on feminist methodology. In the current study, I carried out semi-structured in-depth interviews with 20 men who belong to at least one homosocial group. In order to identify, analyze, and report themes within data, I undertook thematic analysis. From the participants’ reports, I identified two overarching themes. Those are (1) perpetuation of hegemonic masculinity and (2) stigmatization and negation of non-hegemonic masculinities. The results show that homosociality perpetuates emotional stoicism, heterosexual prowess, and ambivalent sexism which are the traits of hegemonic masculinity. In addition, non-hegemonic masculinities including gay men, nice guys, and elderly men are stigmatized and excluded from homosocial interactions since these men fall short of the expectations of hegemonic masculinity. The results suggest that anti-feminist knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors are produced, internalized, and practiced by the members of the homosocial groups and are legitimized through homosocial interactions. Therefore, in order to understand gender division and discrimination both between men and women and within men, men’s alignment with hegemonic masculinity through homosocial interactions should be critically examined.


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Citation Formats
E. Yunusoğlu, “Man to Man: Understanding Hegemonic Masculinity in Turkey through Homosocial Interactions,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.