INVESTIGATION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATORS' AUDIOVISUAL MEDIA PRODUCT PREFERENCES AND PRIORITIES FOR CHILDREN'S SCREEN VIEWING

2021-5
İnan, Rahime
The current study aims to understand the overall use of children‟s media in early childhood education settings with the underlying questions of how audio-visual media products are being utilized in the early childhood classrooms in Turkish schools and how screen viewing periods are mediated during school hours. Specifically, what children watch in classroom; how often and how long they do; where they do; and what type of electronic media devices educators use to watch the content at school are questioned. In addition, early childhood educators' screen mediation strategies are examined and the teacher preferences in choosing media content for children to watch in the classroom are also surveyed. Data collected via 20-item questionnaire which was distributed online by an academic survey tool to reach a representable number of early childhood educators. In total, 639 educators who work with children between the ages of 0-6 years in both private and public schools participated in the study. Demographic data was analyzed with descriptive statistics. Open-ended questions have been coded and categorized for thematic-analysis. The findings of the current study show that overwhelming majority of the Turkish early childhood teachers utilize screen media for children to watch in school hours. Although screen activities are mostly limited to less than 30 minutes per day as recommended, the results indicate that the teachers do not adhere to a specific guideline and/or training while deciding the screen content for young children in their classroom. Cartoons were the most popular screen content preferred by the educators. Teachers reported that they look for “age appropriateness”, “having an educational content in it” and “the attractiveness/formal features” while selecting a screen content for the children in their classrooms.

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Citation Formats
R. İnan, “INVESTIGATION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATORS’ AUDIOVISUAL MEDIA PRODUCT PREFERENCES AND PRIORITIES FOR CHILDREN’S SCREEN VIEWING,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.